Flag Rwanda

Product Exports (2018): $970M, Rank 152 of 222

Exports Per Capita (2018): $78.8, Rank 45 of 219

Product Imports (2018): $1.98B, Rank 156 of 221

Imports Per Capita (2018): $161, Rank 40 of 219

Service Exports (2015): $493M, Rank 134 of 170

Service Imports (2015): $855M, Rank 130 of 170

GDP (2018): $9.51B, CURRENT US$
Rank 143 of 196

GDP growth (2008 - 2018): 93.1%, CURRENT US$
Rank 35 of 196

GDP PC (2018): $773, CURRENT US$
Rank 179 of 196

GDP PC GROWTH (2008 - 2018): 49.5%, CURRENT US$
Rank 46 of 196

Overview: This page contains the latest international trade data for Rwanda, including service trade data, and tariffs. In 2018 Rwanda was the number 143 economy in the world in terms of GDP (current US$), the number 152 in total exports, and the number 156 in total imports. In 2018, Rwanda exported $970M and imported $1.98B, resulting in a negative trade balance of -$1.01B. In 2018, Rwanda's exports per capita were $78.8 and its imports per capita were $161.

Trade: The top exports of Rwanda are Gold ($637M), Niobium, Tantalum, Vanadium and Zirconium Ore ($76.7M), Coffee ($66.4M), Tin Ores ($60.7M), and Tea ($56.1M). The top imports of Rwanda are Other Furniture ($120M), Broadcasting Equipment ($94.3M), Baked Goods ($81.4M), Plastic Housewares ($77.1M), and Pulley Systems ($70.4M).

Destinations: Rwanda exports mostly to United Arab Emirates ($638M), United States ($66.4M), Thailand ($42.9M), Pakistan ($42.2M), and China ($39.8M), and imports mostly from Tanzania ($667M), Uganda ($197M), Kenya ($176M), China ($165M), and India ($132M).

Location: Rwanda borders Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Tanzania, and Uganda by land.

Yearly Exports

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Top Export (2018): Gold, $637M

Top Destination (2018): United Arab Emirates, $638M

In 2018 Rwanda exported a total of $970M, making it the number 152 exporter in the world. During the last five reported years the exports of Rwanda have changed by $93.8M from $876M in 2013 to $970M in 2018.

The most recent exports are led by Gold ($637M), Niobium, Tantalum, Vanadium and Zirconium Ore ($76.7M), Coffee ($66.4M), Tin Ores ($60.7M), and Tea ($56.1M). The most common destination for the exports of Rwanda are United Arab Emirates ($638M), United States ($66.4M), Thailand ($42.9M), Pakistan ($42.2M), and China ($39.8M).

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Yearly Imports

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Top Import (2018): Other Furniture, $120M

Top Origin (2018): Tanzania, $667M

In 2018 Rwanda imported $1.98B, making it the number 156 trade destination in the world. During the last five reported years the imports of Rwanda changed by -$91.8M from $2.07B in 2013 to $1.98B in 2018.

The most recent imports of Rwanda are led by Other Furniture ($120M), Broadcasting Equipment ($94.3M), Baked Goods ($81.4M), Plastic Housewares ($77.1M), and Pulley Systems ($70.4M). The most common import partners for Rwanda are Tanzania ($667M), Uganda ($197M), Kenya ($176M), China ($165M), and India ($132M).

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Flow

Fastest Growing Export Markets (2017 - 2018)

Fastest Growing Import Markets (2017 - 2018)

Rwanda Exports Services (2015): $493M

Rwanda Imports Services (2015): $855M

In 2015, Rwanda exported $493M worth of services. The top services exported by Rwanda in 2015 were Government services, n.i.e. ($251M), Business travel ($98.4M), Air transport ($87.6M), Communications services ($21.8M), and Construction abroad ($10.5M).

The top services imported by Rwanda in 2015 were Other transport ($199M), Miscellaneous business, professional, and technical services ($160M), Government services, n.i.e. ($145M), Air transport ($143M), and Sea transport ($133M).

Trade Forecasts

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This section shows forecasts for total product exports and imports for Rwanda. The forecast is based in a long short-term memory model or LSTM constructed using yearly trade data.

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Tariffs by Product

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The top product import tariffs by their MFN Ad Valorem value for Rwanda are Refined sugar, in solid form, flavoured or coloured (100%) and Sugars: cane sugar, raw, in solid form, as specified in Subheading Note 2 to this chapter, not containing added flavouring or colouring matter (100%).

Click any of the products in the bar chart to see the specific Ad Valorem Duty Rates by partner country.

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*The tariffs applied to imports for Rwanda are:
115: Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (Group I) FTA Member States
136: Most Favoured Nation duty rate treatement
200: Preferential tariff for East African Community (EAC)
211: Preferential tariff for Eritrea (COMESA)
214: Preferential tariff for Ethiopia (COMESA)

Economic Complexity

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Most Specialized Products by RCA Index

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Rwanda has a high level of specialization in Tin Ores (2k), Niobium, Tantalum, Vanadium and Zirconium Ore (745), Tea (138), Legume Flours (44), and Legumes (43.9). Specialization is measured using RCA, an index that takes the ratio between Rwanda observed and expected exports in each product.

Most Complex Products by PCI

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The highest complexity exports of Rwanda according to the product complexity index (PCI) are Heterocyclic compounds with oxygen hetero-atom(s) only (0.59), Postcards, printed or illustrated, greeting cards (0.46), Milk and cream, neither concentrated nor sweetened (0.031), Veg alkaloids, their salts, ethers, esters and derivs (-0.22), and Starches, inulin (-0.47). PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Export Opportunities by Relatedness

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The top export opportunities for Rwanda according to the relatedness index, are Insect Resins (0.064), Other Oily Seeds (0.063), Raw Cotton (0.061), Crustaceans (0.06), and Perfume Plants (0.057). Relatedness measures the distance between a country's current exports and each product. The barchart show only products that Rwanda is not specialized in.

The product space is a network connecting products that are likely to be co-exported. The product space can be used to predict future exports, since countries are more likely to start exporting products that are related to current exports. Relatedness measures the distance between a product, and all of the products it is currently specialized in.

Diversification Frontier

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The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk and the strategic value of a country's potential export oppotunities. Relatedness is a predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth, less income inequality, and lower emissions.