Overview In 2022, Pakistan was the number 41 economy in the world in terms of GDP (current US$), the number 66 in total exports, the number 49 in total imports, the number 155 economy in terms of GDP per capita (current US$) and the number 85 most complex economy according to the Economic Complexity Index (ECI) .

Exports The top exports of Pakistan are House Linens ($4.86B), Rice ($2.55B), Non-Knit Men's Suits ($2.53B), Knit Sweaters ($2.01B), and Refined Petroleum ($1.56B), exporting mostly to United States ($6.47B), Germany ($2.8B), China ($2.79B), United Arab Emirates ($2.58B), and United Kingdom ($2.41B).

Imports The top imports of Pakistan are Refined Petroleum ($6.98B), Crude Petroleum ($5.23B), Petroleum Gas ($4.58B), Palm Oil ($3.8B), and Raw Cotton ($2.44B), importing mostly from China ($21B), United Arab Emirates ($5.8B), Indonesia ($4.55B), Saudi Arabia ($4.5B), and Kuwait ($3.97B).

In 2022, Pakistan was the world's biggest importer of Sulfonated, Nitrated or Nitrosated Hydrocarbons ($822M), Tea ($707M), Used Clothing ($250M), and Metallic Yarn ($28M)

Location Pakistan borders Afghanistan, China, India, and Iran by land and Oman by sea.

Latest Trends

Latest Trade


The following section uses the most recent trade data from partners of Pakistan.

Disclaimer: data is presented based on availability and only countries that use the harmonized system are being shown.

* Trade values are converted to USD using each month's exchange rate. For December 2023 data, the exchange rate from December 30, 2023 is used.

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Latest Data


The data obtained is mirror data. The trade of countries that do not report current data can be reconstructed based on data reported by partner countries with current data available.

*All data is converted to USD using January 2020 exchange rates when data is reported in local currency.

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Historical Data

Yearly Trade

Top Export (2022)House Linens$4.86B
Top Destination (2022)United States$6.47B

In 2022, Pakistan exported a total of $38.6B, making it the number 66 exporter in the world. During the last five reported years the exports of Pakistan have changed by $11.5B from $27.1B in 2017 to $38.6B in 2022.

The most recent exports are led by House Linens ($4.86B), Rice ($2.55B), Non-Knit Men's Suits ($2.53B), Knit Sweaters ($2.01B), and Refined Petroleum ($1.56B). The most common destination for the exports of Pakistan are United States ($6.47B), Germany ($2.8B), China ($2.79B), United Arab Emirates ($2.58B), and United Kingdom ($2.41B).

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Exports (2022)
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Destinations (2022)
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Market Growth

Fastest Growing Export Markets (2021 - 2022)
United Arab Emirates$1.31B (+ 103%)
United States$943M (+ 17.1%)
Spain$532M (+ 45%)
Fastest Growing Import Markets (2021 - 2022)
Kuwait$2.21B (+ 126%)
Saudi Arabia$1.1B (+ 32.3%)
Indonesia$499M (+ 12.3%)

Total Export Growth by Market (2021 - 2022)

Service Trade

Service Trade

Pakistan Exports Services (2019)$5.77B
Pakistan Imports Services (2019)$9.79B

In 2019, Pakistan exported $5.77B worth of services. The top services exported by Pakistan in 2019 were Other business services ($1.47B), Computer and information services ($1.29B), Government services, n.i.e. ($1.21B), Transportation ($854M), and Personal travel ($492M).

The top services imported by Pakistan in 2019 were Transportation ($3.55B), Other business services ($2.54B), Personal travel ($1.63B), Construction services ($501M), and Computer and information services ($426M).

Service Exports (2019)

Service Imports (2019)

Economic Complexity


Economic Complexity (Trade)-0.54Rank 85 of 124
Economic Complexity (Technology)-1.21Rank 80 of 96
Economic Complexity (Research)-0.64Rank 97 of 135

Most Specialized Products by RCA Index

Pakistan has a high level of specialization in House Linens (122), Light Mixed Woven Cotton (106), Heavy Pure Woven Cotton (90.4), Other Cotton Fabrics (89.7), and Light Synthetic Cotton Fabrics (63.7). Specialization is measured using RCA, an index that takes the ratio between Pakistan observed and expected exports in each product.

Most Complex Products by PCI

Export Opportunities by Relatedness

The top export opportunities for Pakistan according to the relatedness index, were Insect Resins (0.3), Non-Knit Women's Shirts (0.29), Dried Legumes (0.28), Locust beans, seaweed, sugar beet, cane, for food (0.27), and Cassava (0.27). Relatedness measures the distance between a country's current exports and each product. The barchart show only products that Pakistan is not specialized in.

Product Space

The product space is a network connecting products that are likely to be co-exported. The product space can be used to predict future exports, since countries are more likely to start exporting products that are related to current exports. Relatedness measures the distance between a product, and all of the products a country currently specializes in.

Relatedness Space

This network shows the products most related to the production structure of Pakistan. These are products that tend to be co-exported with the products that Pakistan exports. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.

Diversification Frontier


The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk vs strategic value of a country's potential export oppotunities. Relatedness is predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth, less income inequality, and lower greenhouse emissions.

Economic Complexity Ranking


During the last 20 years Pakistan's⁩ ⁨economy has become relatively more complex, moving from the ⁩⁨90th to the 85th⁩ position in the ECI rank.

These economic complexity rankings use 6 digit exports classified according to the HS96 classification. We consider only countries with population of at least 1 million and exports of at least $1 billion, and products with world trade over $500 million. To explore different rankings and vary these parameters visit the custom rankings section.

Explore Rankings

ECI (Trade) Ranking by Country

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