Flag Tonga

Product Exports (2018): $12.9M, Rank 210 of 222

Exports Per Capita (2018): $125, Rank 216 of 219

Product Imports (2018): $146M, Rank 202 of 221

Imports Per Capita (2018): $1.41k, Rank 195 of 219

Service Exports (2013): $27.5M, Rank 178 of 183

Service Imports (2013): $79M, Rank 174 of 181

GDP (2018): $450M, CURRENT US$
Rank 189 of 196

GDP growth (2008 - 2018): 28.9%, CURRENT US$
Rank 115 of 196

GDP PC (2018): $4,364, CURRENT US$
Rank 114 of 196

GDP PC GROWTH (2008 - 2018): 29.1%, CURRENT US$
Rank 84 of 196

Overview: This page contains the latest international trade data for Tonga, including service trade data. In 2018 Tonga was the number 189 economy in the world in terms of GDP (current US$), the number 210 in total exports, and the number 202 in total imports. In 2018, Tonga exported $12.9M and imported $146M, resulting in a negative trade balance of -$133M. In 2018, Tonga's exports per capita were $125 and its imports per capita were $1.41k.

Trade: The top exports of Tonga are Non-fillet Fresh Fish ($2.6M), Other Vegetables ($2.51M), Other Processed Fruits and Nuts ($1.41M), Coral and Shells ($838k), and Cassava ($709k). The top imports of Tonga are Poultry Meat ($11M), Cars ($4.05M), Sheep and Goat Meat ($3.78M), Electrical Control Boards ($3.15M), and Frozen Bovine Meat ($3.09M).

Destinations: Tonga exports mostly to United States ($3.37M), South Korea ($1.83M), Australia ($1.69M), New Zealand ($1.68M), and Japan ($1.43M), and imports mostly from New Zealand ($34.9M), China ($24.8M), United States ($17.8M), Fiji ($17.1M), and Australia ($14.7M).

Location: Tonga borders Fiji, New Zealand, Samoa, American Samoa, Niue, and Wallis and Futuna by sea.

Yearly Exports

#permalink to section
Value
Depth

Top Export (2018): Non-fillet Fresh Fish, $2.6M

Top Destination (2018): United States, $3.37M

In 2018 Tonga exported a total of $12.9M, making it the number 210 exporter in the world. During the last five reported years the exports of Tonga have changed by -$3.48M from $16.4M in 2013 to $12.9M in 2018.

The most recent exports are led by Non-fillet Fresh Fish ($2.6M), Other Vegetables ($2.51M), Other Processed Fruits and Nuts ($1.41M), Coral and Shells ($838k), and Cassava ($709k). The most common destination for the exports of Tonga are United States ($3.37M), South Korea ($1.83M), Australia ($1.69M), New Zealand ($1.68M), and Japan ($1.43M).

Explore Visualizations

Yearly Imports

#permalink to section
Value
Depth

Top Import (2018): Poultry Meat, $11M

Top Origin (2018): New Zealand, $34.9M

In 2018 Tonga imported $146M, making it the number 202 trade destination in the world. During the last five reported years the imports of Tonga changed by -$86.6M from $232M in 2013 to $146M in 2018.

The most recent imports of Tonga are led by Poultry Meat ($11M), Cars ($4.05M), Sheep and Goat Meat ($3.78M), Electrical Control Boards ($3.15M), and Frozen Bovine Meat ($3.09M). The most common import partners for Tonga are New Zealand ($34.9M), China ($24.8M), United States ($17.8M), Fiji ($17.1M), and Australia ($14.7M).

Explore Visualizations

Flow

Fastest Growing Export Markets (2017 - 2018)

Fastest Growing Import Markets (2017 - 2018)

Tonga Exports Services (2013): $27.5M

Tonga Imports Services (2013): $79M

In 2013, Tonga exported $27.5M worth of services. The top services exported by Tonga in 2013 were Transportation ($12M), Other business services ($7.12M), Business travel ($3.05M), Personal, cultural, and recreational services ($2.29M), and Government services, n.i.e. ($1.91M).

The top services imported by Tonga in 2013 were Transportation ($24.7M), Construction services ($18.3M), Other business services ($14.6M), Business travel ($8.72M), and Government services, n.i.e. ($5.36M).

Trade Forecasts

#permalink to section

This section shows forecasts for total product exports and imports for Tonga. The forecast is based in a long short-term memory model or LSTM constructed using yearly trade data.

Explore Forecasts

Economic Complexity

#permalink to section

Most Specialized Products by RCA Index

#permalink to section

Tonga has a high level of specialization in Cassava (453), Other Vegetables (251), Vanilla (206), Non-fillet Fresh Fish (173), and Other Processed Fruits and Nuts (117). Specialization is measured using RCA, an index that takes the ratio between Tonga observed and expected exports in each product.

Most Complex Products by PCI

#permalink to section

The highest complexity exports of Tonga according to the product complexity index (PCI) are Glazed transparent, translucent papers (1.66), Screws, bolts, nuts, rivets, washers, etc, iron, steel (1.64), Fork-lift trucks, other trucks with lifting equipment (1.59), Shafts, cranks, gears, clutches, flywheel, pulleys etc (1.55), and Pumps for liquids (1.38). PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Export Opportunities by Relatedness

#permalink to section

The top export opportunities for Tonga according to the relatedness index, are Cocoa Beans (0.083), Gold (0.082), Crustaceans (0.081), Non-fillet Frozen Fish (0.08), and Tropical Fruits (0.078). Relatedness measures the distance between a country's current exports and each product. The barchart show only products that Tonga is not specialized in.

The product space is a network connecting products that are likely to be co-exported. The product space can be used to predict future exports, since countries are more likely to start exporting products that are related to current exports. Relatedness measures the distance between a product, and all of the products it is currently specialized in.

Diversification Frontier

#permalink to section
Filter
Depth

The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk and the strategic value of a country's potential export oppotunities. Relatedness is a predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth, less income inequality, and lower emissions.