About

Overview In 2021, Nigeria was the number 30 economy in the world in terms of GDP (current US$), the number 52 in total exports, the number 50 in total imports, the number 163 economy in terms of GDP per capita (current US$) and the number 126 most complex economy according to the Economic Complexity Index (ECI) .

Exports The top exports of Nigeria are Crude Petroleum ($41.8B), Petroleum Gas ($8.52B), Special Purpose Ships ($1.25B), Cocoa Beans ($779M), and Refined Petroleum ($667M), exporting mostly to India ($9.07B), Spain ($6.7B), United States ($3.69B), France ($3.32B), and China ($3.05B).

In 2021, Nigeria was the world's biggest exporter of Cocoa Shells ($8.56M)

Imports The top imports of Nigeria are Refined Petroleum ($11.3B), Wheat ($3.32B), Cars ($2.42B), Packaged Medicaments ($972M), and Broadcasting Equipment ($934M), importing mostly from China ($21.9B), India ($4.75B), Netherlands ($4.58B), United States ($4.42B), and Belgium ($2.34B).

In 2021, Nigeria was the world's biggest importer of Synthetic Filament Tow ($110M) and Equine and Bovine Hides ($56.8M)

Location Nigeria borders Benin, Cameroon, Chad, and Niger by land and Equatorial Guinea, Ghana, and Sao Tome and Principe by sea.

Latest Trends

Latest Trade

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Y-AXIS SCALE

The following section uses the most recent trade data from partners of Nigeria.

Disclaimer: data is presented based on availability and only countries that use the harmonized system are being shown.

*All data is converted to USD using January 2020 exchange rates when data is reported in local currency.

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Latest Data

Flow
Color
Depth

The data obtained is mirror data. The trade of countries that do not report current data can be reconstructed based on data reported by partner countries with current data available.

*All data is converted to USD using January 2020 exchange rates when data is reported in local currency.

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Historical Data

Yearly Trade

Flow
Color
Depth
Top Export (2021)Crude Petroleum$41.8B
Top Destination (2021)India$9.07B

In 2021, Nigeria exported a total of $57.7B, making it the number 52 exporter in the world. During the last five reported years the exports of Nigeria have changed by $19.7B from $38B in 2016 to $57.7B in 2021.

The most recent exports are led by Crude Petroleum ($41.8B), Petroleum Gas ($8.52B), Special Purpose Ships ($1.25B), Cocoa Beans ($779M), and Refined Petroleum ($667M). The most common destination for the exports of Nigeria are India ($9.07B), Spain ($6.7B), United States ($3.69B), France ($3.32B), and China ($3.05B).

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Exports (2021)
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Destinations (2021)
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Market Growth

Flow
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Fastest Growing Export Markets (2020 - 2021)
India$2.8B (+ 44.7%)
United States$2B (+ 119%)
Spain$1.9B (+ 39.6%)
Fastest Growing Import Markets (2020 - 2021)
China$3.96B (+ 22.1%)
India$1.29B (+ 37.4%)
Norway$558M (+ 73%)

Total Export Growth by Market (2020 - 2021)

Service Trade

Service Trade

Nigeria Exports Services (2019)$4.95B
Nigeria Imports Services (2019)$38.7B

In 2019, Nigeria exported $4.95B worth of services. The top services exported by Nigeria in 2019 were Transportation ($1.97B), Personal travel ($1.45B), Financial services ($685M), Government services, n.i.e. ($463M), and Computer and information services ($212M).

The top services imported by Nigeria in 2019 were Other business services ($16B), Personal travel ($11.9B), Transportation ($6.85B), Business travel ($1.58B), and Insurance services ($987M).

Service Exports (2019)

Service Imports (2019)

Economic Complexity

Overview

Economic Complexity (Trade)-1.56Rank 126 of 131
Economic Complexity (Technology)-1.94Rank 95 of 96
Economic Complexity (Research)0.11Rank 54 of 140

Most Specialized Products by RCA Index

Nigeria has a high level of specialization in Tin Ores (49.7), Scrap Vessels (30.4), Cocoa Beans (29.6), Tanned Sheep Hides (27.9), and Special Purpose Ships (19.2). Specialization is measured using RCA, an index that takes the ratio between Nigeria observed and expected exports in each product.

Most Complex Products by PCI

Export Opportunities by Relatedness

The top export opportunities for Nigeria according to the relatedness index, were Manganese Ore (0.11), Gold (0.1), Raw Cotton (0.087), Aluminium Ore (0.08), and Dried Legumes (0.079). Relatedness measures the distance between a country's current exports and each product. The barchart show only products that Nigeria is not specialized in.

Product Space

The product space is a network connecting products that are likely to be co-exported. The product space can be used to predict future exports, since countries are more likely to start exporting products that are related to current exports. Relatedness measures the distance between a product, and all of the products a country currently specializes in.

Relatedness Space

This network shows the products most related to the production structure of Nigeria. These are products that tend to be co-exported with the products that Nigeria exports. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.

Diversification Frontier

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Depth

The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk vs strategic value of a country's potential export oppotunities. Relatedness is predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth, less income inequality, and lower greenhouse emissions.

Economic Complexity Ranking

Methodology
Scale

During the last 20 years Nigeria's⁩ ⁨economy has become relatively less complex, moving from the ⁩⁨102nd to the 126th⁩ position in the ECI rank.

These economic complexity rankings use 6 digit exports classified according to the HS96 classification. We consider only countries with population of at least 1 million and exports of at least $1 billion, and products with world trade over $500 million. To explore different rankings and vary these parameters visit the custom rankings section.

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ECI (Trade) Ranking by Country

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