Overview In 2019 Nigeria was the number 25 economy in the world in terms of GDP (current US$), the number 47 in total exports, the number 50 in total imports, the number 140 economy in terms of GDP per capita (current US$) and the number 140 most complex economy according to the Economic Complexity Index (ECI).

Exports The top exports of Nigeria are Crude Petroleum ($46B), Petroleum Gas ($7.78B), Scrap Vessels ($2.26B), Flexible Metal Tubing ($2.1B), and Cocoa Beans ($715M), exporting mostly to India ($10.5B), Spain ($6.32B), United States ($4.68B), France ($4.37B), and Ghana ($4.04B).

In 2019, Nigeria was the world's biggest exporter of Scrap Vessels ($2.26B) and Flexible Metal Tubing ($2.1B)

Imports The top imports of Nigeria are Refined Petroleum ($10B), Cars ($1.57B), Wheat ($1.48B), Laboratory Glassware ($1.45B), and Packaged Medicaments ($1.32B), importing mostly from China ($15.5B), Netherlands ($5.91B), India ($3.76B), United States ($3.22B), and Belgium ($2.81B).

In 2019, Nigeria was the world's biggest importer of Laboratory Glassware ($1.45B), Postage Stamps ($713M), Embroidery ($156M), Jute and Other Textile Fibers ($75.2M), and Typewriters ($194k)

Location Nigeria borders Benin, Cameroon, Chad, and Niger by land and Equatorial Guinea, Ghana, and Sao Tome and Principe by sea.

Historical Data

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Yearly Exports

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Top Export (2019): Crude Petroleum, $46B

Top Destination (2019): India, $10.5B

In 2019, Nigeria exported a total of $63.8B, making it the number 47 exporter in the world. During the last five reported years the exports of Nigeria have changed by -$39.5B from $103B in 2014 to $63.8B in 2019.

The most recent exports are led by Crude Petroleum ($46B), Petroleum Gas ($7.78B), Scrap Vessels ($2.26B), Flexible Metal Tubing ($2.1B), and Cocoa Beans ($715M). The most common destination for the exports of Nigeria are India ($10.5B), Spain ($6.32B), United States ($4.68B), France ($4.37B), and Ghana ($4.04B).

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Yearly Imports

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Top Import (2019): Refined Petroleum, $10B

Top Origin (2019): China, $15.5B

In 2019 Nigeria imported $52.5B, making it the number 50 trade destination in the world. During the last five reported years the imports of Nigeria changed by -$4.9B from $57.4B in 2014 to $52.5B in 2019.

The most recent imports of Nigeria are led by Refined Petroleum ($10B), Cars ($1.57B), Wheat ($1.48B), Laboratory Glassware ($1.45B), and Packaged Medicaments ($1.32B). The most common import partners for Nigeria are China ($15.5B), Netherlands ($5.91B), India ($3.76B), United States ($3.22B), and Belgium ($2.81B).

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Flow

Fastest Growing Export Markets (2018 - 2019)

Fastest Growing Import Markets (2018 - 2019)

Nigeria Exports Services (2019): $4.95B

Nigeria Imports Services (2019): $38.7B

In 2019, Nigeria exported $4.95B worth of services. The top services exported by Nigeria in 2019 were Transportation ($1.97B), Personal travel ($1.45B), Financial services ($685M), Government services, n.i.e. ($463M), and Computer and information services ($212M).

The top services imported by Nigeria in 2019 were Other business services ($16B), Personal travel ($11.9B), Transportation ($6.85B), Business travel ($1.58B), and Insurance services ($987M).

Tariffs by Product

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The top product import tariffs by their MFN Ad Valorem value for Nigeria are Birds' eggs, in shell: fresh, not for incubation, of fowls of the species Gallus domesticus (domestic hens) (35%) and Birds' eggs, in shell: fresh, not for incubation, other than fowls of the species Gallus domesticus (domestic hens) (35%).

Click any of the products in the bar chart to see the specific Ad Valorem Duty Rates by partner country.

*The tariffs applied to imports for Nigeria are:
136: Most Favoured Nation duty rate treatement
204: Preferential tariff for Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS)

Economic Complexity

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Most Specialized Products by RCA Index

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Nigeria has a high level of specialization in Scrap Vessels (213), Flexible Metal Tubing (133), Tin Ores (52), Tanned Sheep Hides (25.7), and Tanned Goat Hides (24.9). Specialization is measured using RCA, an index that takes the ratio between Nigeria observed and expected exports in each product.

Most Complex Products by PCI

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The highest complexity exports of Nigeria according to the product complexity index (PCI) are Flexible tubing of base metal (0.06), Metal containing ash or residue except iron or steel (-0.46), Floating structures nes (rafts, stages, buoys/beacons) (-0.49), Cocoa paste (-0.59), and Cigars, cigarettes etc, tobacco or tobacco substitute (-0.77). PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Export Opportunities by Relatedness

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The top export opportunities for Nigeria according to the relatedness index, are Gold (0.081), Manganese Ore (0.076), Aluminium Ore (0.067), Raw Cotton (0.065), and Dried Legumes (0.063). Relatedness measures the distance between a country's current exports and each product. The barchart show only products that Nigeria is not specialized in.

The product space is a network connecting products that are likely to be co-exported. The product space can be used to predict future exports, since countries are more likely to start exporting products that are related to current exports. Relatedness measures the distance between a product, and all of the products it is currently specialized in.

Relatedness Space

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This network shows the products most related to the production structure of Nigeria. These are products that tend to be co-exported with the products that Nigeria exports. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.

Diversification Frontier

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The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk and the strategic value of a country's potential export oppotunities. Relatedness is a predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth, less income inequality, and lower emissions.

Economic Complexity Ranking

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Scale

During the last 20 years Nigeria's⁩ ⁨economy has become relatively less complex, moving from the ⁩⁨102nd to the 140th⁩ position in the ECI rank.

These economic complexity rankings use 6 digit exports classified according to the HS96 classification. We consider only countries with population of at least 1 million and exports of at least $1 billion, and products with world trade over $500 million. To explore different rankings and vary these parameters visit the custom rankings section.

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