Overview In 2022, Nigeria was the number 30 economy in the world in terms of GDP (current US$), the number 51 in total exports, the number 53 in total imports, the number 146 economy in terms of GDP per capita (current US$) and the number 119 most complex economy according to the Economic Complexity Index (ECI) .

Exports The top exports of Nigeria are Crude Petroleum ($52.1B), Petroleum Gas ($9.04B), Nitrogenous Fertilizers ($2B), Refined Petroleum ($1.04B), and Gold ($806M), exporting mostly to Spain ($9.41B), India ($8.2B), France ($4.95B), United States ($4.83B), and Netherlands ($4.23B).

Imports The top imports of Nigeria are Refined Petroleum ($20.7B), Wheat ($3.03B), Cars ($1.24B), Broadcasting Equipment ($852M), and Vaccines, blood, antisera, toxins and cultures ($845M), importing mostly from China ($21.4B), Belgium ($7.72B), Netherlands ($6.47B), India ($5.43B), and United States ($3.24B).

In 2022, Nigeria was the world's biggest importer of Other Vegetable Fibers Yarn ($30.2M)

Location Nigeria borders Benin, Cameroon, Chad, and Niger by land and Equatorial Guinea, Ghana, and Sao Tome and Principe by sea.

Latest Trends

Latest Trade


The following section uses the most recent trade data from partners of Nigeria.

Disclaimer: data is presented based on availability and only countries that use the harmonized system are being shown.

* Trade values are converted to USD using each month's exchange rate. For December 2023 data, the exchange rate from December 30, 2023 is used.

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Latest Data


The data obtained is mirror data. The trade of countries that do not report current data can be reconstructed based on data reported by partner countries with current data available.

*All data is converted to USD using January 2020 exchange rates when data is reported in local currency.

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Historical Data

Yearly Trade

Top Export (2022)Crude Petroleum$52.1B
Top Destination (2022)Spain$9.41B

In 2022, Nigeria exported a total of $70.7B, making it the number 51 exporter in the world. During the last five reported years the exports of Nigeria have changed by $21B from $49.7B in 2017 to $70.7B in 2022.

The most recent exports are led by Crude Petroleum ($52.1B), Petroleum Gas ($9.04B), Nitrogenous Fertilizers ($2B), Refined Petroleum ($1.04B), and Gold ($806M). The most common destination for the exports of Nigeria are Spain ($9.41B), India ($8.2B), France ($4.95B), United States ($4.83B), and Netherlands ($4.23B).

Explore Visualizations

Exports (2022)
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Destinations (2022)
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Market Growth

Fastest Growing Export Markets (2021 - 2022)
Spain$2.72B (+ 40.6%)
Indonesia$1.8B (+ 88.4%)
Netherlands$1.59B (+ 60.4%)
Fastest Growing Import Markets (2021 - 2022)
Belgium$5.39B (+ 231%)
Netherlands$1.89B (+ 41.2%)
India$661M (+ 13.9%)

Total Export Growth by Market (2021 - 2022)

Service Trade

Service Trade

Nigeria Exports Services (2019)$4.95B
Nigeria Imports Services (2019)$38.7B

In 2019, Nigeria exported $4.95B worth of services. The top services exported by Nigeria in 2019 were Transportation ($1.97B), Personal travel ($1.45B), Financial services ($685M), Government services, n.i.e. ($463M), and Computer and information services ($212M).

The top services imported by Nigeria in 2019 were Other business services ($16B), Personal travel ($11.9B), Transportation ($6.85B), Business travel ($1.58B), and Insurance services ($987M).

Service Exports (2019)

Service Imports (2019)

Economic Complexity


Economic Complexity (Trade)-1.67Rank 119 of 124
Economic Complexity (Technology)-1.94Rank 95 of 96
Economic Complexity (Research)0.083Rank 49 of 135

Most Specialized Products by RCA Index

Nigeria has a high level of specialization in Tin Ores (68.2), Tanned Sheep Hides (27.3), Cocoa Beans (19.7), Other Oily Seeds (16.4), and Niobium, Tantalum, Vanadium and Zirconium Ore (15.7). Specialization is measured using RCA, an index that takes the ratio between Nigeria observed and expected exports in each product.

Most Complex Products by PCI

The highest complexity exports of Nigeria according to the product complexity index (PCI) are Stationery; fittings for loose-leaf binders or files, letter clips, letter corners, paper... (0.78), Synthetic staple fibres, not carded, combed or otherwise processed for spinning (0.12), Slag, ash and residues; (not from the manufacture of iron or steel)... (-0.33), Glass; float glass and surface ground or polished glass, in sheets, whether... (-0.37), and Waste, parings and scrap, of plastics (-0.67). PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Export Opportunities by Relatedness

The top export opportunities for Nigeria according to the relatedness index, were Manganese Ore (0.11), Gold (0.099), Raw Cotton (0.085), Aluminium Ore (0.085), and Raw Copper (0.079). Relatedness measures the distance between a country's current exports and each product. The barchart show only products that Nigeria is not specialized in.

Product Space

The product space is a network connecting products that are likely to be co-exported. The product space can be used to predict future exports, since countries are more likely to start exporting products that are related to current exports. Relatedness measures the distance between a product, and all of the products a country currently specializes in.

Relatedness Space

This network shows the products most related to the production structure of Nigeria. These are products that tend to be co-exported with the products that Nigeria exports. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.

Diversification Frontier


The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk vs strategic value of a country's potential export oppotunities. Relatedness is predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth, less income inequality, and lower greenhouse emissions.

Economic Complexity Ranking


During the last 20 years Nigeria's⁩ ⁨economy has become relatively less complex, moving from the ⁩⁨98th to the 119th⁩ position in the ECI rank.

These economic complexity rankings use 6 digit exports classified according to the HS96 classification. We consider only countries with population of at least 1 million and exports of at least $1 billion, and products with world trade over $500 million. To explore different rankings and vary these parameters visit the custom rankings section.

Explore Rankings

ECI (Trade) Ranking by Country

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