Flag Burma

2019
Economic
Complexity
: -0.94, Rank 130 of 157

2019
Product
Exports | Imports
: $22.4B | $28.6B, 71 of 225 |  69 of 225

2019
Per Capita Product
Exports | Imports
: $415 | $530, 160 of 219 |  172 of 219

2018
Service
Exports | Imports
: $3.46B | $3.39B, 51 of 88 | 49 of 88

Overview: In 2019 Burma was the number 70 economy in the world in terms of GDP (current US$), the number 71 in total exports, the number 69 in total imports, the number 155 economy in terms of GDP per capita (current US$) and the number 130 most complex economy according to the Economic Complexity Index (ECI)

Exports: The top exports of Burma are Petroleum Gas ($6.42B), Non-Knit Women's Coats ($1.13B), Rice ($1.1B), Refined Copper ($841M), and Dried Legumes ($771M), exporting mostly to China ($5.47B), Thailand ($5.3B), Japan ($1.54B), Germany ($1.22B), and United States ($966M).

In 2019, Burma was the world's biggest exporter of Citrus and Melon Peels ($26.9M) and Non-powered Aircraft ($6M)

Imports: The top imports of Burma are Refined Petroleum ($2.98B), Broadcasting Equipment ($1.09B), Heavy Synthetic Cotton Fabrics ($709M), Synthetic Filament Yarn Woven Fabric ($672M), and Light Rubberized Knitted Fabric ($580M), importing mostly from China ($12.3B), Thailand ($4.24B), Singapore ($3.43B), Indonesia ($1.29B), and India ($1.03B).

In 2019, Burma was the world's biggest importer of Heavy Synthetic Cotton Fabrics ($709M), Other Vegetable Oils ($363M)

Location: Burma borders Bangladesh, China, India, Laos, and Thailand by land.

Yearly Exports

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Value
Depth

Top Export (2019): Petroleum Gas, $6.42B

Top Destination (2019): China, $5.47B

In 2019, Burma exported a total of $22.4B, making it the number 71 exporter in the world. During the last five reported years the exports of Burma have changed by -$5.42B from $27.8B in 2014 to $22.4B in 2019.

The most recent exports are led by Petroleum Gas ($6.42B), Non-Knit Women's Coats ($1.13B), Rice ($1.1B), Refined Copper ($841M), and Dried Legumes ($771M). The most common destination for the exports of Burma are China ($5.47B), Thailand ($5.3B), Japan ($1.54B), Germany ($1.22B), and United States ($966M).

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Yearly Imports

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Value
Depth

Top Import (2019): Refined Petroleum, $2.98B

Top Origin (2019): China, $12.3B

In 2019 Burma imported $28.6B, making it the number 69 trade destination in the world. During the last five reported years the imports of Burma changed by $4.38B from $24.3B in 2014 to $28.6B in 2019.

The most recent imports of Burma are led by Refined Petroleum ($2.98B), Broadcasting Equipment ($1.09B), Heavy Synthetic Cotton Fabrics ($709M), Synthetic Filament Yarn Woven Fabric ($672M), and Light Rubberized Knitted Fabric ($580M). The most common import partners for Burma are China ($12.3B), Thailand ($4.24B), Singapore ($3.43B), Indonesia ($1.29B), and India ($1.03B).

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Flow

Fastest Growing Export Markets (2018 - 2019)

Fastest Growing Import Markets (2018 - 2019)

Burma Exports Services (2018): $3.46B

Burma Imports Services (2018): $3.39B

In 2018, Burma exported $3.46B worth of services. The top services exported by Burma in 2018 were Travel ($1.65B), Other business services ($937M), Transportation ($379M), Government services, n.i.e. ($231M), and Construction services ($148M).

The top services imported by Burma in 2018 were Transportation ($1.54B), Other business services ($1.1B), Construction services ($252M), Computer and information services ($182M), and Travel ($88.7M).

Tariffs by Product

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The top product import tariffs by their MFN Ad Valorem value for Burma are Alcoholic liqueurs nes (40%) and Gin and Geneva (40%).

Click any of the products in the bar chart to see the specific Ad Valorem Duty Rates by partner country.

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*The tariffs applied to imports for Burma are:
1: AANZFTA ASEAN - Australia - New Zealand Free Trade Area
54: ASEAN Korea, Republic of Free Trade Area (ASEAN) Association of Southeast Asian Nations
59: ASEAN India Free Trade Area (ASEAN) Association of Southeast Asian Nations
84: Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN ) Free Trade Area
136: Most Favoured Nation duty rate treatement
184: Preferential tariff for China
246: Preferential tariff for Japan

Economic Complexity

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Economic Complexity Ranking

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Scale

During the last 20 years Burma's⁩ ⁨economy has become relatively mÑs complex, moving from the ⁩⁨134th to the 130th⁩ position in the ECI rank.

These economic complexity rankings use 6 digit exports classified according to the HS96 classification. We consider only countries with population of at least 1 million and exports of at least $1 billion, and products with world trade over $500 million. To explore different rankings and vary these parameters visit the custom rankings section.

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Most Specialized Products by RCA Index

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Burma has a high level of specialization in Rare-Earth Metal Compounds (88.4), Water and Gas Generators (65.1), Dried Legumes (64.2), Non-Knit Women's Coats (43), and Rice (35.9). Specialization is measured using RCA, an index that takes the ratio between Burma observed and expected exports in each product.

Most Complex Products by PCI

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The highest complexity exports of Burma according to the product complexity index (PCI) are Signalling glassware, unworked optical elements (1.29), Ketones and quinones, their derivatives (1.22), Optical fibres, lenses, mirrors, prisms, etc (0.95), Synthetic rubber (0.94), and Compounds, mixes of rare-earths, yttrium, scandium nes (0.79). PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Export Opportunities by Relatedness

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The top export opportunities for Burma according to the relatedness index, are Niobium, Tantalum, Vanadium and Zirconium Ore (0.22), Gold (0.22), Packing Bags (0.21), Cassava (0.2), and Raw Tobacco (0.2). Relatedness measures the distance between a country's current exports and each product. The barchart show only products that Burma is not specialized in.

The product space is a network connecting products that are likely to be co-exported. The product space can be used to predict future exports, since countries are more likely to start exporting products that are related to current exports. Relatedness measures the distance between a product, and all of the products it is currently specialized in.

Diversification Frontier

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Depth

The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk and the strategic value of a country's potential export oppotunities. Relatedness is a predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth, less income inequality, and lower emissions.