Overview In 2020 Moldova was the number 137 economy in the world in terms of GDP (current US$), the number 129 in total exports, the number 124 in total imports, the number 108 economy in terms of GDP per capita (current US$) and the number 69 most complex economy according to the Economic Complexity Index (ECI).

Exports The top exports of Moldova are Insulated Wire ($445M), Sunflower Seeds ($188M), Wine ($134M), Seats ($112M), and Hot-Rolled Iron Bars ($105M), exporting mostly to Romania ($791M), Russia ($278M), Germany ($263M), Italy ($241M), and Turkey ($181M).

Imports The top imports of Moldova are Refined Petroleum ($328M), Packaged Medicaments ($226M), Cars ($224M), Broadcasting Equipment ($165M), and Insulated Wire ($140M), importing mostly from Romania ($1.03B), Ukraine ($667M), China ($544M), Russia ($495M), and Germany ($429M).

Location Moldova borders Romaniaand Ukraine by land.

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The following section uses the most recent trade data from partners of Moldova.

Disclaimer: data is presented based on availability and only countries that use the harmonized system are being shown.

*All data is converted to USD using January 2020 exchange rates when data is reported in local currency.

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Data is presented based on data availability. Only countries using the Harmonic System (HS) are selected. Every source is shown using their own latest twelve months of data.

*All data is converted to USD using January 2020 exchange rates when data is reported in local currency.

Historical Data

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Yearly Exports

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Top Export (2020): Insulated Wire, $445M

Top Destination (2020): Romania, $791M

In 2020, Moldova exported a total of $3.01B, making it the number 129 exporter in the world. During the last five reported years the exports of Moldova have changed by $585M from $2.42B in 2015 to $3.01B in 2020.

The most recent exports are led by Insulated Wire ($445M), Sunflower Seeds ($188M), Wine ($134M), Seats ($112M), and Hot-Rolled Iron Bars ($105M). The most common destination for the exports of Moldova are Romania ($791M), Russia ($278M), Germany ($263M), Italy ($241M), and Turkey ($181M).

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Yearly Imports

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Top Import (2020): Refined Petroleum, $328M

Top Origin (2020): Romania, $1.03B

In 2020 Moldova imported $5.73B, making it the number 124 trade destination in the world. During the last five reported years the imports of Moldova changed by $1.47B from $4.26B in 2015 to $5.73B in 2020.

The most recent imports of Moldova are led by Refined Petroleum ($328M), Packaged Medicaments ($226M), Cars ($224M), Broadcasting Equipment ($165M), and Insulated Wire ($140M). The most common import partners for Moldova are Romania ($1.03B), Ukraine ($667M), China ($544M), Russia ($495M), and Germany ($429M).

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Fastest Growing Export Markets (2019 - 2020)

Fastest Growing Import Markets (2019 - 2020)

Moldova Exports Services (2018): $1.07B

Moldova Imports Services (2018): $1.1B

In 2018, Moldova exported $1.07B worth of services. The top services exported by Moldova in 2018 were Personal travel ($259M), Other transport ($233M), Air transport ($181M), Miscellaneous business, professional, and technical services ($126M), and Business travel ($122M).

The top services imported by Moldova in 2018 were Other transport ($224M), Personal travel ($216M), Miscellaneous business, professional, and technical services ($153M), Business travel ($137M), and Air transport ($136M).

Tariffs by Product

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The top product import tariffs by their MFN Ad Valorem value for Moldova are Fructose, chemically pure (75%)and Fructose, syrup > 50% fructose, not pure fructose (75%).

Click any of the products in the bar chart to see the specific Ad Valorem Duty Rates by partner country.

*The tariffs applied to imports for Moldova are:
136: Most Favoured Nation duty rate treatement
160: Preferential tariff for Albania
172: Preferential tariff for Bosnia and Herzegovina
190: Preferential tariff for Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) countries
219: Preferential tariff for European Union countries (AA) Association Agreement
263: Preferential tariff for Macedonia, Former Yugoslav Republic of
272: Preferential tariff for Montenegro

Economic Complexity

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Most Specialized Products by RCA Index

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Moldova has a high level of specialization in Sunflower Seeds (218), Hot-Rolled Iron Bars (53.6), Apples and Pears (43.5), Seed Oils (42.3), and Other Vegetable Residues (32). Specialization is measured using RCA, an index that takes the ratio between Moldova observed and expected exports in each product.

Most Complex Products by PCI

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The highest complexity exports of Moldova according to the product complexity index (PCI) are Machines for testing mechanical properties of material (1.54), Copper foil, thickness (except any backing) < 0.15mm (1.37), Machinery, non-domestic, involving heating or cooling (1.16), Derivatives of cyclic alcohols (0.89), and Articles of iron or steel nes (0.87). PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Export Opportunities by Relatedness

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The top export opportunities for Moldova according to the relatedness index, are Knit Men's Undergarments (0.22), Non-Knit Men's Undergarments (0.21), Raw Tobacco (0.21), Locust beans, seaweed, sugar beet, cane, for food (0.21), and Other Vegetables (0.21). Relatedness measures the distance between a country's current exports and each product. The barchart show only products that Moldova is not specialized in.

The product space is a network connecting products that are likely to be co-exported. The product space can be used to predict future exports, since countries are more likely to start exporting products that are related to current exports. Relatedness measures the distance between a product, and all of the products a country currently specializes in.

Relatedness Space

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This network shows the products most related to the production structure of Moldova. These are products that tend to be co-exported with the products that Moldova exports. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.

Diversification Frontier

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The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk vs strategic value of a country's potential export oppotunities. Relatedness is predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth, less income inequality, and lower greenhouse emissions.

Economic Complexity Ranking

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During the last 13 years Moldova's⁩ ⁨economy has become relatively less complex, moving from the ⁩⁨61st to the 69th⁩ position in the ECI rank.

These economic complexity rankings use 6 digit exports classified according to the HS96 classification. We consider only countries with population of at least 1 million and exports of at least $1 billion, and products with world trade over $500 million. To explore different rankings and vary these parameters visit the custom rankings section.

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