Overview In 2020, Morocco was the number 58 economy in the world in terms of GDP (current US$), the number 60 in total exports, the number 52 in total imports, the number 145 economy in terms of GDP per capita (current US$) and the number 81 most complex economy according to the Economic Complexity Index (ECI).

Exports The top exports of Morocco are Cars ($3.79B), Mixed Mineral or Chemical Fertilizers ($3.42B), Insulated Wire ($3.41B), Phosphoric Acid ($1.25B), and Calcium Phosphates ($1.17B), exporting mostly to Spain ($6.97B), France ($6.12B), Italy ($1.6B), India ($1.39B), and Germany ($1.18B).

In 2020, Morocco was the world's biggest exporter of Phosphoric Acid ($1.25B), Calcium Phosphates ($1.17B), and Legumes ($257M)

Imports The top imports of Morocco are Refined Petroleum ($2.67B), Motor vehicles; parts and accessories (8701 to 8705) ($1.37B), Cars ($1.32B), Wheat ($1.28B), and Petroleum Gas ($1.04B), importing mostly from Spain ($8.41B), China ($4.83B), France ($4.7B), Germany ($2.27B), and United States ($2.24B).

In 2020, Morocco was the world's biggest importer of Sulphur ($407M)

Location Morocco borders Algeria, Spain, and Mauritania by land and Portugal by sea.

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The following section uses the most recent trade data from partners of Morocco.

Disclaimer: data is presented based on availability and only countries that use the harmonized system are being shown.

*All data is converted to USD using January 2020 exchange rates when data is reported in local currency.

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The data obtained is mirror data. The trade of countries that do not report current data can be reconstructed based on data reported by partner countries with current data available.

*All data is converted to USD using January 2020 exchange rates when data is reported in local currency.

Latest Data (dev)

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The data obtained is mirror data. The trade of countries that do not report current data can be reconstructed based on data reported by partner countries with current data available.

*All data is converted to USD using January 2020 exchange rates when data is reported in local currency.

Historical Data

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Top Export (2020): Cars, $3.79B

Top Destination (2020): Spain, $8.41B

In 2020, Morocco exported a total of $32.2B, making it the number 60 exporter in the world. During the last five reported years the exports of Morocco have changed by $4.5B from $27.7B in 2015 to $32.2B in 2020.

The most recent exports are led by Cars ($3.79B), Mixed Mineral or Chemical Fertilizers ($3.42B), Insulated Wire ($3.41B), Phosphoric Acid ($1.25B), and Calcium Phosphates ($1.17B). The most common destination for the exports of Morocco are Spain ($6.97B), France ($6.12B), Italy ($1.6B), India ($1.39B), and Germany ($1.18B).

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Fastest Growing Export Markets (2019 - 2020)

Fastest Growing Import Markets (2019 - 2020)

Morocco Exports Services (2020): $11B

Morocco Imports Services (2020): $6.34B

In 2020, Morocco exported $11B worth of services. The top services exported by Morocco in 2020 were Personal travel ($3.67B), Miscellaneous business, professional, and technical services ($3.02B), Sea transport ($1.19B), Telecommunications services ($965M), and Air transport ($731M).

The top services imported by Morocco in 2020 were Sea transport ($1.98B), Personal travel ($1.02B), Government services, n.i.e. ($957M), Miscellaneous business, professional, and technical services ($928M), and Air transport ($508M).

Economic Complexity

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Most Specialized Products by RCA Index

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Morocco has a high level of specialization in Calcium Phosphates (203), Phosphoric Acid (165), Phosphatic Fertilizers (102), Legumes (85.2), and Mixed Mineral or Chemical Fertilizers (78.9). Specialization is measured using RCA, an index that takes the ratio between Morocco observed and expected exports in each product.

Most Complex Products by PCI

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The highest complexity exports of Morocco according to the product complexity index (PCI) are Electric Filament (1.05), Metal Insulating Fittings (1.04), Electrical Power Accessories (0.95), Electrical Lighting and Signalling Equipment (0.94), and Semiconductor Devices (0.93). PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Export Opportunities by Relatedness

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The top export opportunities for Morocco according to the relatedness index, are Knit Men's Undergarments (0.26), Other Knit Clothing Accessories (0.24), Pepper (0.24), Raw Tobacco (0.24), and Insect Resins (0.23). Relatedness measures the distance between a country's current exports and each product. The barchart show only products that Morocco is not specialized in.

The product space is a network connecting products that are likely to be co-exported. The product space can be used to predict future exports, since countries are more likely to start exporting products that are related to current exports. Relatedness measures the distance between a product, and all of the products a country currently specializes in.

Relatedness Space

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This network shows the products most related to the production structure of Morocco. These are products that tend to be co-exported with the products that Morocco exports. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.

Diversification Frontier

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The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk vs strategic value of a country's potential export oppotunities. Relatedness is predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth, less income inequality, and lower greenhouse emissions.

Economic Complexity Ranking

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During the last 20 years Morocco's⁩ ⁨economy has become relatively less complex, moving from the ⁩⁨79th to the 81st⁩ position in the ECI rank.

These economic complexity rankings use 6 digit exports classified according to the HS96 classification. We consider only countries with population of at least 1 million and exports of at least $1 billion, and products with world trade over $500 million. To explore different rankings and vary these parameters visit the custom rankings section.

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