Overview In 2019 Jordan was the number 90 economy in the world in terms of GDP (current US$), the number 94 in total exports, the number 73 in total imports, the number 113 economy in terms of GDP per capita (current US$) and the number 67 most complex economy according to the Economic Complexity Index (ECI).

Exports The top exports of Jordan are Potassic Fertilizers ($579M), Calcium Phosphates ($506M), Packaged Medicaments ($501M), Knit Sweaters ($412M), and Non-Knit Women's Suits ($295M), exporting mostly to United States ($1.86B), Saudi Arabia ($1.15B), India ($749M), Iraq ($635M), and United Arab Emirates ($478M).

In 2019, Jordan was the world's biggest exporter of Phenol Derivatives ($241M)

Imports The top imports of Jordan are Cars ($1.58B), Refined Petroleum ($1.36B), Petroleum Gas ($1.33B), Crude Petroleum ($1.05B), and Light Rubberized Knitted Fabric ($690M), importing mostly from China ($3.79B), Saudi Arabia ($3.3B), United States ($1.36B), United Arab Emirates ($1.31B), and Egypt ($1.22B).

Location Jordan borders Iraq, Israel, Saudi Arabia, and Syria by land and Egypt by sea.

Historical Data

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Yearly Exports

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Top Export (2019): Potassic Fertilizers, $579M

Top Destination (2019): United States, $1.86B

In 2019, Jordan exported a total of $8.91B, making it the number 94 exporter in the world. During the last five reported years the exports of Jordan have changed by -$369M from $9.28B in 2014 to $8.91B in 2019.

The most recent exports are led by Potassic Fertilizers ($579M), Calcium Phosphates ($506M), Packaged Medicaments ($501M), Knit Sweaters ($412M), and Non-Knit Women's Suits ($295M). The most common destination for the exports of Jordan are United States ($1.86B), Saudi Arabia ($1.15B), India ($749M), Iraq ($635M), and United Arab Emirates ($478M).

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Yearly Imports

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Top Import (2019): Cars, $1.58B

Top Origin (2019): China, $3.79B

In 2019 Jordan imported $22.5B, making it the number 73 trade destination in the world. During the last five reported years the imports of Jordan changed by -$4.42B from $26.9B in 2014 to $22.5B in 2019.

The most recent imports of Jordan are led by Cars ($1.58B), Refined Petroleum ($1.36B), Petroleum Gas ($1.33B), Crude Petroleum ($1.05B), and Light Rubberized Knitted Fabric ($690M). The most common import partners for Jordan are China ($3.79B), Saudi Arabia ($3.3B), United States ($1.36B), United Arab Emirates ($1.31B), and Egypt ($1.22B).

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Flow

Fastest Growing Export Markets (2018 - 2019)

Fastest Growing Import Markets (2018 - 2019)

Jordan Exports Services (2019): $7.97B

Jordan Imports Services (2019): $4.97B

In 2019, Jordan exported $7.97B worth of services. The top services exported by Jordan in 2019 were Personal travel ($5.31B), Transportation ($1.47B), Business travel ($474M), Government services, n.i.e. ($256M), and Other business services ($186M).

The top services imported by Jordan in 2019 were Transportation ($2.6B), Personal travel ($1.25B), Insurance services ($413M), Government services, n.i.e. ($259M), and Business travel ($212M).

Tariffs by Product

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The top product import tariffs by their MFN Ad Valorem value for Jordan are Grape wines, alcoholic grape must nes (654%) and Grape must, unfermented, except as fruit juice (416%).

Click any of the products in the bar chart to see the specific Ad Valorem Duty Rates by partner country.

*The tariffs applied to imports for Jordan are:
136: Most Favoured Nation duty rate treatement
161: Preferential tariff for Algeria
167: Preferential tariff for Bahrain
178: Preferential tariff for Canada
206: Preferential tariff for Egypt
219: Preferential tariff for European Union countries (AA) Association Agreement
224: Preferential tariff for for occupied Palestinian territory
238: Preferential tariff for Iceland
243: Preferential tariff for Iraq
244: Preferential tariff for Israel
255: Preferential tariff for Lebanon
257: Preferential tariff for Libya
273: Preferential tariff for Morocco
281: Preferential tariff for Norway
282: Preferential tariff for Oman
294: Preferential tariff for Saudi Arabia
299: Preferential tariff for Singapore
305: Preferential tariff for Sudan
307: Preferential tariff for Switzerland and Liechtenstein
313: Preferential tariff for the League of Arab States
321: Preferential tariff for Tunisia
322: Preferential tariff for Turkey
328: Preferential tariff for United States

Economic Complexity

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Most Specialized Products by RCA Index

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Jordan has a high level of specialization in Phenol Derivatives (633), Calcium Phosphates (323), Sheep and Goats (161), Phosphoric Acid (140), and Nitrites and Nitrates (126). Specialization is measured using RCA, an index that takes the ratio between Jordan observed and expected exports in each product.

Most Complex Products by PCI

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The highest complexity exports of Jordan according to the product complexity index (PCI) are Wire of stainless steel (1.18), Glues and adhesives nes, pack <1kg (1.13), Ceramic, glass pigments, opacifiers, colours, enamels (1.05), Blood, antisera, vaccines, toxins and cultures (1.02), and Derivatives of phenols or phenol alcohols (0.94). PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Export Opportunities by Relatedness

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The top export opportunities for Jordan according to the relatedness index, are Locust beans, seaweed, sugar beet, cane, for food (0.24), Raw Iron Bars (0.23), Packing Bags (0.23), Cassava (0.23), and Molasses (0.23). Relatedness measures the distance between a country's current exports and each product. The barchart show only products that Jordan is not specialized in.

The product space is a network connecting products that are likely to be co-exported. The product space can be used to predict future exports, since countries are more likely to start exporting products that are related to current exports. Relatedness measures the distance between a product, and all of the products it is currently specialized in.

Relatedness Space

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This network shows the products most related to the production structure of Jordan. These are products that tend to be co-exported with the products that Jordan exports. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.

Diversification Frontier

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The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk and the strategic value of a country's potential export oppotunities. Relatedness is a predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth, less income inequality, and lower emissions.

Economic Complexity Ranking

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During the last 20 years Jordan's⁩ ⁨economy has become relatively less complex, moving from the ⁩⁨36th to the 67th⁩ position in the ECI rank.

These economic complexity rankings use 6 digit exports classified according to the HS96 classification. We consider only countries with population of at least 1 million and exports of at least $1 billion, and products with world trade over $500 million. To explore different rankings and vary these parameters visit the custom rankings section.

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