About

Overview In 2021, Jordan was the number 90 economy in the world in terms of GDP (current US$), the number 89 in total exports, the number 75 in total imports, the number 133 economy in terms of GDP per capita (current US$) and the number 62 most complex economy according to the Economic Complexity Index (ECI) .

Exports The top exports of Jordan are Potassic Fertilizers ($1.2B), Other Knit Garments ($860M), Calcium Phosphates ($672M), Phosphoric Acid ($635M), and Packaged Medicaments ($507M), exporting mostly to United States ($3.13B), India ($1.58B), Saudi Arabia ($1.29B), Iraq ($615M), and China ($486M).

In 2021, Jordan was the world's biggest exporter of Phenol Derivatives ($260M)

Imports The top imports of Jordan are Cars ($1.59B), Refined Petroleum ($1.09B), Gold ($1.08B), Crude Petroleum ($956M), and Broadcasting Equipment ($727M), importing mostly from China ($4.17B), Saudi Arabia ($3.39B), United Arab Emirates ($2.69B), United States ($1.31B), and Turkey ($821M).

Location Jordan borders Iraq, Israel, Saudi Arabia, and Syria by land and Egypt by sea.

Latest Trends

Latest Trade

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Y-AXIS SCALE

The following section uses the most recent trade data from partners of Jordan.

Disclaimer: data is presented based on availability and only countries that use the harmonized system are being shown.

*All data is converted to USD using January 2020 exchange rates when data is reported in local currency.

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Latest Data

Flow
Color
Depth

The data obtained is mirror data. The trade of countries that do not report current data can be reconstructed based on data reported by partner countries with current data available.

*All data is converted to USD using January 2020 exchange rates when data is reported in local currency.

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Historical Data

Yearly Trade

Color
Depth
Top Export (2021)Potassic Fertilizers$1.2B
Top Destination (2021)United States$3.13B

In 2021, Jordan exported a total of $12B, making it the number 89 exporter in the world. During the last five reported years the exports of Jordan have changed by $2.99B from $9.06B in 2016 to $12B in 2021.

The most recent exports are led by Potassic Fertilizers ($1.2B), Other Knit Garments ($860M), Calcium Phosphates ($672M), Phosphoric Acid ($635M), and Packaged Medicaments ($507M). The most common destination for the exports of Jordan are United States ($3.13B), India ($1.58B), Saudi Arabia ($1.29B), Iraq ($615M), and China ($486M).

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Exports (2021)
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Destinations (2021)
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Market Growth

Flow
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Fastest Growing Export Markets (2020 - 2021)
United States$1.03B (+ 48.9%)
India$558M (+ 54.9%)
Saudi Arabia$145M (+ 12.6%)

Total Export Growth by Market (2020 - 2021)

Service Trade

Service Trade

Jordan Exports Services (2020)$2.5B
Jordan Imports Services (2020)$3.1B

In 2020, Jordan exported $2.5B worth of services. The top services exported by Jordan in 2020 were Travel ($1.41B), Transportation ($488M), Other business services ($463M), and Government services, n.i.e. ($142M).

The top services imported by Jordan in 2020 were N/A.

Service Exports (2020)

Service Imports (N/A)

Economic Complexity

Overview

Economic Complexity (Trade)0.027Rank 62 of 131
Economic Complexity (Technology)-0.98Rank 75 of 96
Economic Complexity (Research)-0.099Rank 70 of 140

Most Specialized Products by RCA Index

Jordan has a high level of specialization in Phenol Derivatives (503), Calcium Phosphates (289), Phosphoric Acid (185), Other Knit Garments (158), and Nitrites and Nitrates (117). Specialization is measured using RCA, an index that takes the ratio between Jordan observed and expected exports in each product.

Export Opportunities by Relatedness

The top export opportunities for Jordan according to the relatedness index, were Insect Resins (0.21), Locust beans, seaweed, sugar beet, cane, for food (0.21), Onions (0.21), Perfume Plants (0.21), and Raw Sugar (0.21). Relatedness measures the distance between a country's current exports and each product. The barchart show only products that Jordan is not specialized in.

Product Space

The product space is a network connecting products that are likely to be co-exported. The product space can be used to predict future exports, since countries are more likely to start exporting products that are related to current exports. Relatedness measures the distance between a product, and all of the products a country currently specializes in.

Relatedness Space

This network shows the products most related to the production structure of Jordan. These are products that tend to be co-exported with the products that Jordan exports. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.

Diversification Frontier

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Depth

The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk vs strategic value of a country's potential export oppotunities. Relatedness is predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth, less income inequality, and lower greenhouse emissions.

Economic Complexity Ranking

Methodology
Scale

During the last 20 years Jordan's⁩ ⁨economy has become relatively less complex, moving from the ⁩⁨39th to the 62nd⁩ position in the ECI rank.

These economic complexity rankings use 6 digit exports classified according to the HS96 classification. We consider only countries with population of at least 1 million and exports of at least $1 billion, and products with world trade over $500 million. To explore different rankings and vary these parameters visit the custom rankings section.

Explore Rankings

ECI (Trade) Ranking by Country

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