Overview In 2020 Jordan was the number 88 economy in the world in terms of GDP (current US$), the number 89 in total exports, the number 76 in total imports, the number 110 economy in terms of GDP per capita (current US$) and the number 63 most complex economy according to the Economic Complexity Index (ECI).

Exports The top exports of Jordan are Potassic Fertilizers ($982M), Other Knit Garments ($561M), Packaged Medicaments ($508M), Calcium Phosphates ($483M), and Gold ($467M), exporting mostly to United States ($2.1B), Saudi Arabia ($1.15B), India ($1.01B), Iraq ($662M), and China ($560M).

In 2020, Jordan was the world's biggest exporter of Phenol Derivatives ($224M)

Imports The top imports of Jordan are Cars ($1.49B), Refined Petroleum ($808M), Petroleum Gas ($557M), Crude Petroleum ($511M), and Packaged Medicaments ($463M), importing mostly from China ($3.23B), Saudi Arabia ($2.37B), United States ($1.34B), United Arab Emirates ($1.29B), and Germany ($740M).

Location Jordan borders Iraq, Israel, Saudi Arabia, and Syria by land and Egypt by sea.

Flow
View
Y-AXIS SCALE

The following section uses the most recent trade data from partners of Jordan.

Disclaimer: data is presented based on availability and only countries that use the harmonized system are being shown.

*All data is converted to USD using January 2020 exchange rates when data is reported in local currency.

Flow
Value
Compare to
Depth

Data is presented based on data availability. Only countries using the Harmonic System (HS) are selected. Every source is shown using their own latest twelve months of data.

*All data is converted to USD using January 2020 exchange rates when data is reported in local currency.

Historical Data

#permalink to section

Yearly Exports

#permalink to section
Value
Compare to
Depth

Top Export (2020): Potassic Fertilizers, $982M

Top Destination (2020): United States, $2.1B

In 2020, Jordan exported a total of $9.72B, making it the number 89 exporter in the world. During the last five reported years the exports of Jordan have changed by -$319M from $10B in 2015 to $9.72B in 2020.

The most recent exports are led by Potassic Fertilizers ($982M), Other Knit Garments ($561M), Packaged Medicaments ($508M), Calcium Phosphates ($483M), and Gold ($467M). The most common destination for the exports of Jordan are United States ($2.1B), Saudi Arabia ($1.15B), India ($1.01B), Iraq ($662M), and China ($560M).

Explore Visualizations

Yearly Imports

#permalink to section
Value
Compare to
Depth

Top Import (2020): Cars, $1.49B

Top Origin (2020): China, $3.23B

In 2020 Jordan imported $19.1B, making it the number 76 trade destination in the world. During the last five reported years the imports of Jordan changed by -$4.08B from $23.2B in 2015 to $19.1B in 2020.

The most recent imports of Jordan are led by Cars ($1.49B), Refined Petroleum ($808M), Petroleum Gas ($557M), Crude Petroleum ($511M), and Packaged Medicaments ($463M). The most common import partners for Jordan are China ($3.23B), Saudi Arabia ($2.37B), United States ($1.34B), United Arab Emirates ($1.29B), and Germany ($740M).

Explore Visualizations

Flow
View
Label

Fastest Growing Export Markets (2019 - 2020)

Fastest Growing Import Markets (2019 - 2020)

Jordan Exports Services (2019): $7.97B

Jordan Imports Services (2019): $4.97B

In 2019, Jordan exported $7.97B worth of services. The top services exported by Jordan in 2019 were Personal travel ($5.31B), Transportation ($1.47B), Business travel ($474M), Government services, n.i.e. ($256M), and Other business services ($186M).

The top services imported by Jordan in 2019 were Transportation ($2.6B), Personal travel ($1.25B), Insurance services ($413M), Government services, n.i.e. ($259M), and Business travel ($212M).

Tariffs by Product

#permalink to section

The top product import tariffs by their MFN Ad Valorem value for Jordan are Grape wines, alcoholic grape must nes (654%)and Grape must, unfermented, except as fruit juice (416%).

Click any of the products in the bar chart to see the specific Ad Valorem Duty Rates by partner country.

*The tariffs applied to imports for Jordan are:
136: Most Favoured Nation duty rate treatement
161: Preferential tariff for Algeria
167: Preferential tariff for Bahrain
178: Preferential tariff for Canada
206: Preferential tariff for Egypt
219: Preferential tariff for European Union countries (AA) Association Agreement
224: Preferential tariff for for occupied Palestinian territory
238: Preferential tariff for Iceland
243: Preferential tariff for Iraq
244: Preferential tariff for Israel
255: Preferential tariff for Lebanon
257: Preferential tariff for Libya
273: Preferential tariff for Morocco
281: Preferential tariff for Norway
282: Preferential tariff for Oman
294: Preferential tariff for Saudi Arabia
299: Preferential tariff for Singapore
305: Preferential tariff for Sudan
307: Preferential tariff for Switzerland and Liechtenstein
313: Preferential tariff for the League of Arab States
321: Preferential tariff for Tunisia
322: Preferential tariff for Turkey
328: Preferential tariff for United States

Economic Complexity

#permalink to section

Most Specialized Products by RCA Index

#permalink to section

Jordan has a high level of specialization in Phenol Derivatives (501), Calcium Phosphates (278), Sheep and Goats (167), Phosphoric Acid (161), and Other Knit Garments (138). Specialization is measured using RCA, an index that takes the ratio between Jordan observed and expected exports in each product.

Most Complex Products by PCI

#permalink to section

The highest complexity exports of Jordan according to the product complexity index (PCI) are Ceramic, glass pigments, opacifiers, colours, enamels (1.16), Derivatives of phenols or phenol alcohols (0.97), Potato flour, meal, flakes, etc (0.94), Pigments for paint, stamping foils, dyes, retail (0.91), and Rubberised textile fabric, except tyre cord (0.73). PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Export Opportunities by Relatedness

#permalink to section

The top export opportunities for Jordan according to the relatedness index, are Packing Bags (0.23), Molasses (0.23), Non-Knit Women's Undergarments (0.22), Fruit Juice (0.22), and Other Nuts (0.22). Relatedness measures the distance between a country's current exports and each product. The barchart show only products that Jordan is not specialized in.

The product space is a network connecting products that are likely to be co-exported. The product space can be used to predict future exports, since countries are more likely to start exporting products that are related to current exports. Relatedness measures the distance between a product, and all of the products a country currently specializes in.

Relatedness Space

#permalink to section

This network shows the products most related to the production structure of Jordan. These are products that tend to be co-exported with the products that Jordan exports. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.

Diversification Frontier

#permalink to section
Filter
Depth

The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk vs strategic value of a country's potential export oppotunities. Relatedness is predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth, less income inequality, and lower greenhouse emissions.

Economic Complexity Ranking

#permalink to section
Scale

During the last 20 years Jordan's⁩ ⁨economy has become relatively less complex, moving from the ⁩⁨37th to the 63rd⁩ position in the ECI rank.

These economic complexity rankings use 6 digit exports classified according to the HS96 classification. We consider only countries with population of at least 1 million and exports of at least $1 billion, and products with world trade over $500 million. To explore different rankings and vary these parameters visit the custom rankings section.

Explore Rankings