Overview In 2020, Greece was the number 51 economy in the world in terms of GDP (current US$), the number 56 in total exports, the number 45 in total imports, the number 58 economy in terms of GDP per capita (current US$) and the number 49 most complex economy according to the Economic Complexity Index (ECI).

Exports The top exports of Greece are Refined Petroleum ($6.88B), Packaged Medicaments ($3.3B), Aluminium Plating ($701M), Computers ($626M), and Non-fillet Fresh Fish ($613M), exporting mostly to Italy ($3.39B), Germany ($2.62B), France ($2.15B), Cyprus ($2B), and Bulgaria ($1.71B).

Imports The top imports of Greece are Crude Petroleum ($6.07B), Refined Petroleum ($2.56B), Packaged Medicaments ($2.43B), Nitrogen Heterocyclic Compounds ($1.72B), and Cars ($1.37B), importing mostly from Germany ($6.68B), China ($5.56B), Italy ($4.8B), Netherlands ($3.27B), and France ($2.75B).

Location Greece borders Albania, Bulgaria, North Macedonia, and Turkey by land and Cyprus, Egypt, Italy, and Libya by sea.

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The following section uses the most recent trade data from partners of Greece.

Disclaimer: data is presented based on availability and only countries that use the harmonized system are being shown.

*All data is converted to USD using January 2020 exchange rates when data is reported in local currency.

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Data is presented based on data availability. Only countries using the Harmonic System (HS) are selected. Every source is shown using their own latest twelve months of data.

*All data is converted to USD using January 2020 exchange rates when data is reported in local currency.

Historical Data

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Top Export (2020): Refined Petroleum, $6.88B

Top Destination (2020): Italy, $6.68B

In 2020, Greece exported a total of $35.8B, making it the number 56 exporter in the world. During the last five reported years the exports of Greece have changed by $6.62B from $29.2B in 2015 to $35.8B in 2020.

The most recent exports are led by Refined Petroleum ($6.88B), Packaged Medicaments ($3.3B), Aluminium Plating ($701M), Computers ($626M), and Non-fillet Fresh Fish ($613M). The most common destination for the exports of Greece are Italy ($3.39B), Germany ($2.62B), France ($2.15B), Cyprus ($2B), and Bulgaria ($1.71B).

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Fastest Growing Export Markets (2019 - 2020)

Fastest Growing Import Markets (2019 - 2020)

Greece Exports Services (2020): $25B

Greece Imports Services (2020): $17B

In 2020, Greece exported $25B worth of services. The top services exported by Greece in 2020 were Sea transport ($14.3B), Personal travel ($4.57B), Miscellaneous business, professional, and technical services ($1.92B), Air transport ($887M), and Other transport ($561M).

The top services imported by Greece in 2020 were Sea transport ($7.85B), Other transport ($2.7B), Miscellaneous business, professional, and technical services ($1.45B), Freight insurance ($608M), and Air transport ($596M).

Economic Complexity

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Most Specialized Products by RCA Index

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Greece has a high level of specialization in Asphalt (83.1), Marble, Travertine and Alabaster (49.1), Copper Pipes (38.8), Pure Olive Oil (35.1), and Other Large Iron Pipes (31.5). Specialization is measured using RCA, an index that takes the ratio between Greece observed and expected exports in each product.

Most Complex Products by PCI

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The highest complexity exports of Greece according to the product complexity index (PCI) are Textile Processing Machines (1.31), Amino-resins (1.2), Pastes and Waxes (1.11), Abrasive Powder (1.08), and Self-adhesive Plastics (1.07). PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Export Opportunities by Relatedness

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The top export opportunities for Greece according to the relatedness index, are Tropical Fruits (0.33), Molasses (0.32), Gold (0.32), Raw Sugar (0.32), and Legumes (0.32). Relatedness measures the distance between a country's current exports and each product. The barchart show only products that Greece is not specialized in.

The product space is a network connecting products that are likely to be co-exported. The product space can be used to predict future exports, since countries are more likely to start exporting products that are related to current exports. Relatedness measures the distance between a product, and all of the products a country currently specializes in.

Relatedness Space

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This network shows the products most related to the production structure of Greece. These are products that tend to be co-exported with the products that Greece exports. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.

Diversification Frontier

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The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk vs strategic value of a country's potential export oppotunities. Relatedness is predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth, less income inequality, and lower greenhouse emissions.

Economic Complexity Ranking

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During the last 20 years Greece's⁩ ⁨economy has become relatively less complex, moving from the ⁩⁨42nd to the 49th⁩ position in the ECI rank.

These economic complexity rankings use 6 digit exports classified according to the HS96 classification. We consider only countries with population of at least 1 million and exports of at least $1 billion, and products with world trade over $500 million. To explore different rankings and vary these parameters visit the custom rankings section.

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