Overview In 2020 Dominican Republic was the number 68 economy in the world in terms of GDP (current US$), the number 84 in total exports, the number 80 in total imports, the number 84 economy in terms of GDP per capita (current US$) and the number 66 most complex economy according to the Economic Complexity Index (ECI).

Exports The top exports of Dominican Republic are Gold ($1.77B), Medical Instruments ($1.3B), Rolled Tobacco ($838M), Low-voltage Protection Equipment ($811M), and Bananas ($348M), exporting mostly to United States ($5.35B), Switzerland ($1.22B), Haiti ($751M), Canada ($477M), and Netherlands ($420M).

Imports The top imports of Dominican Republic are Refined Petroleum ($966M), Petroleum Gas ($638M), Cars ($585M), Broadcasting Equipment ($530M), and Jewellery ($450M), importing mostly from United States ($7.47B), China ($3.09B), Mexico ($637M), Spain ($621M), and Brazil ($490M).

Location Dominican Republic borders Haiti by land and Colombia, Venezuela, Aruba, Curaçao, and Turks and Caicos Islands by sea.

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The following section uses the most recent trade data from partners of Dominican Republic.

Disclaimer: data is presented based on availability and only countries that use the harmonized system are being shown.

*All data is converted to USD using January 2020 exchange rates when data is reported in local currency.

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Data is presented based on data availability. Only countries using the Harmonic System (HS) are selected. Every source is shown using their own latest twelve months of data.

*All data is converted to USD using January 2020 exchange rates when data is reported in local currency.

Historical Data

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Top Export (2020): Gold, $1.77B

Top Destination (2020): United States, $7.47B

In 2020, Dominican Republic exported a total of $11B, making it the number 84 exporter in the world. During the last five reported years the exports of Dominican Republic have changed by $1.2B from $9.79B in 2015 to $11B in 2020.

The most recent exports are led by Gold ($1.77B), Medical Instruments ($1.3B), Rolled Tobacco ($838M), Low-voltage Protection Equipment ($811M), and Bananas ($348M). The most common destination for the exports of Dominican Republic are United States ($5.35B), Switzerland ($1.22B), Haiti ($751M), Canada ($477M), and Netherlands ($420M).

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Fastest Growing Export Markets (2019 - 2020)

Fastest Growing Import Markets (2019 - 2020)

Dominican Republic Exports Services (2019): $9.29B

Dominican Republic Imports Services (2019): $3.89B

In 2019, Dominican Republic exported $9.29B worth of services. The top services exported by Dominican Republic in 2019 were Personal travel ($7.4B), Transportation ($675M), Other business services ($558M), Government services, n.i.e. ($314M), and Computer and information services ($91M).

The top services imported by Dominican Republic in 2019 were Transportation ($1.73B), Personal travel ($620M), Other business services ($562M), Insurance services ($251M), and Royalties and license fees ($249M).

Tariffs by Product

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The top product import tariffs by their MFN Ad Valorem value for Dominican Republic are Bellies (streaky) of swine, salted, dried or smoked (40%) and Bovine carcasses and half carcasses, fresh or chilled (40%).

Click any of the products in the bar chart to see the specific Ad Valorem Duty Rates by partner country.

*The tariffs applied to imports for Dominican Republic are:
136: Most Favoured Nation duty rate treatement
154: Preferential tariff Agreement between Caribbean Community (CARICOM) member states
181: Preferential tariff for Central American Common Market CACM (Spanish: Mercado Común Centroamericano MCCA) Central American Integration System SICA
219: Preferential tariff for European Union countries (AA) Association Agreement
285: Preferential tariff for Panama
386: United States - Dominican Republic - Central America Free Trade Agreement (DR-CAFTA; incl. Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and the Dominican Republic; 2005)

Economic Complexity

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Most Specialized Products by RCA Index

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Dominican Republic has a high level of specialization in Other Cotton Fabrics (275), Textile Scraps (75.9), Rolled Tobacco (53.9), Bananas (38.2), and Cocoa Beans (34.5). Specialization is measured using RCA, an index that takes the ratio between Dominican Republic observed and expected exports in each product.

Most Complex Products by PCI

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The highest complexity exports of Dominican Republic according to the product complexity index (PCI) are Chain and parts thereof, of iron or steel (1.5), Compound optical microscopes (1.2), Self-adhesive plates, sheets, film etc of plastic (1.07), Heterocyclic compounds with oxygen hetero-atom(s) only (0.97), and Sewing machines (not book sewing), related furniture (0.95). PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Export Opportunities by Relatedness

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The top export opportunities for Dominican Republic according to the relatedness index, are Knit Men's Shirts (0.24), Knit Women's Shirts (0.23), Palm Oil (0.23), Melons (0.23), and Knit Men's Suits (0.23). Relatedness measures the distance between a country's current exports and each product. The barchart show only products that Dominican Republic is not specialized in.

The product space is a network connecting products that are likely to be co-exported. The product space can be used to predict future exports, since countries are more likely to start exporting products that are related to current exports. Relatedness measures the distance between a product, and all of the products a country currently specializes in.

Relatedness Space

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This network shows the products most related to the production structure of Dominican Republic. These are products that tend to be co-exported with the products that Dominican Republic exports. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.

Diversification Frontier

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The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk vs strategic value of a country's potential export oppotunities. Relatedness is predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth, less income inequality, and lower greenhouse emissions.

Economic Complexity Ranking

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During the last 20 years Dominican Republic's⁩ ⁨economy has become relatively more complex, moving from the ⁩⁨78th to the 66th⁩ position in the ECI rank.

These economic complexity rankings use 6 digit exports classified according to the HS96 classification. We consider only countries with population of at least 1 million and exports of at least $1 billion, and products with world trade over $500 million. To explore different rankings and vary these parameters visit the custom rankings section.

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