Overview: In April 2020 Germany exported €75.6B and imported €72.7B, resulting in a positive trade balance of €2.89B. Between April 2019 and April 2020 the exports of Germany have decreased by €-33.5B (-30.7%) from €109B to €75.6B, while imports decreased by €-19.9B (-21.5%) from €92.6B to €72.7B.
Trade: In April 2020 the top exports of Germany were Pharmaceutical products (€6.85B), Machinery for electricity production, distribution (€4.07B), Other machinery (€3.36B), Chassis, bodies, engines etc. for motor vehicles (€2.59B), and Articles of plastic (€2.31B). In April 2020 the top imports of Germany were Pharmaceutical products (€4.47B), Estimations for non-response (€3.42B), Office and automatic data processing machines (€3.23B), Machinery for electricity production, distribution (€2.84B), and Aircraft (€2.61B).
Origins: In April 2020 the exports of Germany were mainly from North Rhine-Westphalia (€12.1B), Baden-Württemberg (€11.2B), Bavaria (€9.61B), Lower Saxony (€4.39B), and Hesse (€4.02B), while imports destinations were mainly North Rhine-Westphalia (€16.1B), Baden-Württemberg (€12.5B), Bavaria (€11B), Hesse (€7.76B), and Lower Saxony (€5.07B).
Destinations: In April 2020 Germany exported mostly to China (€7.24B), United States (€6.28B), Netherlands (€5.94B), France (€4.83B), and Switzerland (€4.38B), and imported mostly from China (€9.47B), Netherlands (€6.62B), United States (€6.09B), Poland (€3.58B), and Switzerland (€3.57B).
Growth: In April 2020, the decrease in Germany's year-by-year exports was explained primarily by a decrease in exports to France (€-4.42B or -47.8%), United States (€-3.5B or -35.8%), and United Kingdom (€-2.35B or -42.1%), and product exports decrease in Motor cars and motor caravans (€-9.01B or -83.1%), Chassis, bodies, engines etc. for motor vehicles (€-4.33B or -62.6%), and Aircraft (€-2.9B or -67.4%). In April 2020, the decrease in Germany's year-by-year imports was explained primarily by a decrease in imports from France (€-2.06B or -37.2%), Czechia (€-1.69B or -41.7%), and Italy (€-1.55B or -32.4%), and product imports decrease in Motor cars and motor caravans (€-3.57B or -67.5%), Chassis, bodies, engines etc. for motor vehicles (€-3.24B or -69.3%), and Petroleum oil and petroleum gases (€-2.66B or -51%).