Overview: In 2018 Germany was the number 6 economy in the world in terms of GDP (constant 2011 international USD), the number 2 in total exports, the number 3 in total imports, and the number 4 most complex economy according to the Economic Complexity Index (ECI). In 2018, Germany exported $1.5T and imported $1.2T, resulting in a positive trade balance of $305B. In 2018, Germany's exports per capita were $18.2k and its imports per capita were $14.5k.
Trade: The top exports of Germany are Cars ($156B), Vehicle Parts ($68.1B), Packaged Medicaments ($55.9B), Planes, Helicopters, and/or Spacecraft ($30.9B), and Blood, antisera, vaccines, toxins and cultures ($29.7B). The top imports of Germany are Cars ($68.7B), Vehicle Parts ($44.1B), Crude Petroleum ($32.4B), Packaged Medicaments ($27.6B), and Refined Petroleum ($24.4B).
Destinations: Germany exports mostly to United States ($132B), France ($121B), China ($109B), Netherlands ($93.6B), and United Kingdom ($93.4B), and imports mostly from Netherlands ($111B), China ($96.9B), France ($78.5B), Belgium-Luxembourg ($77.4B), and Poland ($70.7B).
Location: Germany borders Austria, Czechia, Denmark, France, Netherlands, Poland, and Switzerland by land and Sweden and United Kingdom by sea.