Overview: In 2018 Germany was the number 4 economy in the world in terms of GDP (current US$), the number 2 in total exports, the number 3 in total imports,
the number 18 economy in terms of GDP per capita (current US$) and the number 4 most complex economy according to the Economic Complexity Index (ECI)
Exports: The top exports of Germany are Cars ($156B), Vehicle Parts ($68.1B), Packaged Medicaments ($55.9B), Planes, Helicopters, and/or Spacecraft ($30.9B), and Blood, antisera, vaccines, toxins and cultures ($29.7B), exporting mostly to United States ($132B), France ($121B), China ($109B), Netherlands ($93.6B), and United Kingdom ($93.4B).
In 2018, Germany was the world's biggest exporter of Cars ($156B), Vehicle Parts ($68.1B), Packaged Medicaments ($55.9B), Engine Parts ($14.2B), and Electrical Control Boards ($13.5B)
Imports: The top imports of Germany are Cars ($68.7B), Vehicle Parts ($44.1B), Crude Petroleum ($32.4B), Packaged Medicaments ($27.6B), and Refined Petroleum ($24.4B), importing mostly from Netherlands ($111B), China ($96.9B), France ($78.5B), Belgium-Luxembourg ($77.4B), and Poland ($70.7B).
In 2018, Germany was the world's biggest importer of Nitrogen Heterocyclic Compounds ($14.7B), Ball Bearings ($4.99B), Industrial Fatty Acids, Oils and Alcohols ($4.7B), Cheese ($4.38B), Oxygen Amino Compounds ($4.18B)
Location: Germany borders Austria, Czechia, Denmark, France, Netherlands, Poland, and Switzerland by land and Sweden and United Kingdom by sea.