Overview In 2020, Belarus was the number 77 economy in the world in terms of GDP (current US$), the number 64 in total exports, the number 60 in total imports, the number 101 economy in terms of GDP per capita (current US$) and the number 33 most complex economy according to the Economic Complexity Index (ECI).

Exports The top exports of Belarus are Refined Petroleum ($2.78B), Potassic Fertilizers ($2.44B), Cheese ($1.06B), Delivery Trucks ($637M), and Tractors ($597M), exporting mostly to Russia ($12.8B), Ukraine ($3.15B), Poland ($1.26B), Lithuania ($1.05B), and Germany ($934M).

Imports The top imports of Belarus are Crude Petroleum ($3.87B), Petroleum Gas ($2.31B), Gold ($1.16B), Cars ($746M), and Packaged Medicaments ($558M), importing mostly from Russia ($15.8B), China ($3.07B), Poland ($1.71B), Germany ($1.6B), and Ukraine ($1.34B).

Location Belarus borders Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Russia, and Ukraine by land.

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The following section uses the most recent trade data from partners of Belarus.

Disclaimer: data is presented based on availability and only countries that use the harmonized system are being shown.

*All data is converted to USD using January 2020 exchange rates when data is reported in local currency.

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The data obtained is mirror data. The trade of countries that do not report current data can be reconstructed based on data reported by partner countries with current data available.

*All data is converted to USD using January 2020 exchange rates when data is reported in local currency.

Latest Data (dev)

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The data obtained is mirror data. The trade of countries that do not report current data can be reconstructed based on data reported by partner countries with current data available.

*All data is converted to USD using January 2020 exchange rates when data is reported in local currency.

Historical Data

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Top Export (2020): Refined Petroleum, $2.78B

Top Destination (2020): Russia, $15.8B

In 2020, Belarus exported a total of $28.1B, making it the number 64 exporter in the world. During the last five reported years the exports of Belarus have changed by $1.94B from $26.2B in 2015 to $28.1B in 2020.

The most recent exports are led by Refined Petroleum ($2.78B), Potassic Fertilizers ($2.44B), Cheese ($1.06B), Delivery Trucks ($637M), and Tractors ($597M). The most common destination for the exports of Belarus are Russia ($12.8B), Ukraine ($3.15B), Poland ($1.26B), Lithuania ($1.05B), and Germany ($934M).

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Fastest Growing Export Markets (2019 - 2020)

Fastest Growing Import Markets (2019 - 2020)

Belarus Exports Services (2016): $5.48B

Belarus Imports Services (2016): $3.89B

In 2016, Belarus exported $5.48B worth of services. The top services exported by Belarus in 2016 were Other transport ($2.29B), Personal travel ($643M), Construction abroad ($542M), Miscellaneous business, professional, and technical services ($497M), and Construction in the compiling economy ($489M).

The top services imported by Belarus in 2016 were Other transport ($834M), Construction in the compiling economy ($751M), Personal travel ($622M), Miscellaneous business, professional, and technical services ($556M), and Sea transport ($311M).

Economic Complexity

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Most Specialized Products by RCA Index

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Belarus has a high level of specialization in Potassic Fertilizers (96.5), Railway Passenger Cars (50.5), Flax Fibers (26.4), Fermented Milk Products (23.7), and Butter (22.5). Specialization is measured using RCA, an index that takes the ratio between Belarus observed and expected exports in each product.

Most Complex Products by PCI

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The highest complexity exports of Belarus according to the product complexity index (PCI) are Self-Propelled Rail Transport (1.78), Metal Finishing Machines (1.63), Polyamides (1.58), Hand Saws (1.52), and Plastic Coated Textile Fabric (1.39). PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Export Opportunities by Relatedness

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The top export opportunities for Belarus according to the relatedness index, are Rough Wood (0.31), Bovine (0.31), Confectionery Sugar (0.31), Beer (0.31), and Baked Goods (0.31). Relatedness measures the distance between a country's current exports and each product. The barchart show only products that Belarus is not specialized in.

The product space is a network connecting products that are likely to be co-exported. The product space can be used to predict future exports, since countries are more likely to start exporting products that are related to current exports. Relatedness measures the distance between a product, and all of the products a country currently specializes in.

Relatedness Space

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This network shows the products most related to the production structure of Belarus. These are products that tend to be co-exported with the products that Belarus exports. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.

Diversification Frontier

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The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk vs strategic value of a country's potential export oppotunities. Relatedness is predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth, less income inequality, and lower greenhouse emissions.

Economic Complexity Ranking

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During the last 20 years Belarus's⁩ ⁨economy has become relatively less complex, moving from the ⁩⁨24th to the 33rd⁩ position in the ECI rank.

These economic complexity rankings use 6 digit exports classified according to the HS96 classification. We consider only countries with population of at least 1 million and exports of at least $1 billion, and products with world trade over $500 million. To explore different rankings and vary these parameters visit the custom rankings section.

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