Overview In 2020 Bahrain was the number 88 economy in the world in terms of total exports and the number 88 in total imports.

Exports The top exports of Bahrain are Refined Petroleum ($3.19B), Raw Aluminium ($2.36B), Aluminium Wire ($338M), Iron Ore ($315M), and Asphalt ($214M), exporting mostly to United Arab Emirates ($2.31B), Saudi Arabia ($1.71B), Malaysia ($688M), United States ($604M), and Kuwait ($513M).

In 2020, Bahrain was the world's biggest exporter of Asphalt ($214M)

Imports The top imports of Bahrain are Iron Ore ($685M), Cars ($639M), Special Purpose Ships ($516M), Broadcasting Equipment ($426M), and Other Heating Machinery ($307M), importing mostly from United Arab Emirates ($3.01B), Saudi Arabia ($1.85B), China ($1.11B), Brazil ($674M), and United States ($635M).

Location Bahrain borders Iran, Qatar, and Saudi Arabia by sea.

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The following section uses the most recent trade data from partners of Bahrain.

Disclaimer: data is presented based on availability and only countries that use the harmonized system are being shown.

*All data is converted to USD using January 2020 exchange rates when data is reported in local currency.

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Data is presented based on data availability. Only countries using the Harmonic System (HS) are selected. Every source is shown using their own latest twelve months of data.

*All data is converted to USD using January 2020 exchange rates when data is reported in local currency.

Historical Data

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Top Export (2020): Refined Petroleum, $3.19B

Top Destination (2020): United Arab Emirates, $3.01B

In 2020, Bahrain exported a total of $10.1B, making it the number 88 exporter in the world. During the last five reported years the exports of Bahrain have changed by -$7.29B from $17.4B in 2015 to $10.1B in 2020.

The most recent exports are led by Refined Petroleum ($3.19B), Raw Aluminium ($2.36B), Aluminium Wire ($338M), Iron Ore ($315M), and Asphalt ($214M). The most common destination for the exports of Bahrain are United Arab Emirates ($2.31B), Saudi Arabia ($1.71B), Malaysia ($688M), United States ($604M), and Kuwait ($513M).

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Fastest Growing Export Markets (2019 - 2020)

Fastest Growing Import Markets (2019 - 2020)

Bahrain Exports Services (2014): $2.39B

Bahrain Imports Services (2014): $1.56B

In 2014, Bahrain exported $2.39B worth of services. The top services exported by Bahrain in 2014 were Travel ($1.2B), Transportation ($718M), Insurance services ($408M), and Other business services ($67.8M).

The top services imported by Bahrain in 2014 were Transportation ($734M), Travel ($718M), Other business services ($54.5M), and Insurance services ($53.2M).

Economic Complexity

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Most Specialized Products by RCA Index

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Bahrain has a high level of specialization in Asphalt (345), Aluminium Wire (155), Raw Aluminium (79), Stranded Aluminium Wire (76.7), and Iron Reductions (61.2). Specialization is measured using RCA, an index that takes the ratio between Bahrain observed and expected exports in each product.

Export Opportunities by Relatedness

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The top export opportunities for Bahrain according to the relatedness index, are Crude Petroleum (0.11), Cement (0.091), Non-fillet Fresh Fish (0.09), Wheat Flours (0.089), and Raw Iron Bars (0.089). Relatedness measures the distance between a country's current exports and each product. The barchart show only products that Bahrain is not specialized in.

The product space is a network connecting products that are likely to be co-exported. The product space can be used to predict future exports, since countries are more likely to start exporting products that are related to current exports. Relatedness measures the distance between a product, and all of the products a country currently specializes in.

Relatedness Space

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This network shows the products most related to the production structure of Bahrain. These are products that tend to be co-exported with the products that Bahrain exports. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.

Diversification Frontier

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The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk vs strategic value of a country's potential export oppotunities. Relatedness is predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth, less income inequality, and lower greenhouse emissions.