Overview In 2020 Burundi was the number 175 economy in the world in terms of total exports and the number 178 in total imports.

Exports The top exports of Burundi are Gold ($90.5M), Coffee ($43.9M), Tea ($23.3M), Coated Flat-Rolled Iron ($6.34M), and Rolled Tobacco ($5.84M), exporting mostly to United Arab Emirates ($73.4M), Uganda ($34.3M), Democratic Republic of the Congo ($23.8M), Pakistan ($9.75M), and Tanzania ($8.55M).

Imports The top imports of Burundi are Refined Petroleum ($125M), Packaged Medicaments ($47.6M), Phosphatic Fertilizers ($32.1M), Raw Sugar ($31.1M), and Cars ($29.7M), importing mostly from China ($147M), Saudi Arabia ($96.9M), India ($90.6M), Tanzania ($69.7M), and United Arab Emirates ($64.9M).

Location Burundi borders Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, and Tanzania by land.

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The following section uses the most recent trade data from partners of Burundi.

Disclaimer: data is presented based on availability and only countries that use the harmonized system are being shown.

*All data is converted to USD using January 2020 exchange rates when data is reported in local currency.

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Data is presented based on data availability. Only countries using the Harmonic System (HS) are selected. Every source is shown using their own latest twelve months of data.

*All data is converted to USD using January 2020 exchange rates when data is reported in local currency.

Historical Data

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Yearly Exports

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Top Export (2020): Gold, $90.5M

Top Destination (2020): United Arab Emirates, $73.4M

In 2020, Burundi exported a total of $218M, making it the number 175 exporter in the world. During the last five reported years the exports of Burundi have changed by -$77.9M from $296M in 2015 to $218M in 2020.

The most recent exports are led by Gold ($90.5M), Coffee ($43.9M), Tea ($23.3M), Coated Flat-Rolled Iron ($6.34M), and Rolled Tobacco ($5.84M). The most common destination for the exports of Burundi are United Arab Emirates ($73.4M), Uganda ($34.3M), Democratic Republic of the Congo ($23.8M), Pakistan ($9.75M), and Tanzania ($8.55M).

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Yearly Imports

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Top Import (2020): Refined Petroleum, $125M

Top Origin (2020): China, $147M

In 2020 Burundi imported $912M, making it the number 178 trade destination in the world. During the last five reported years the imports of Burundi changed by $268M from $644M in 2015 to $912M in 2020.

The most recent imports of Burundi are led by Refined Petroleum ($125M), Packaged Medicaments ($47.6M), Phosphatic Fertilizers ($32.1M), Raw Sugar ($31.1M), and Cars ($29.7M). The most common import partners for Burundi are China ($147M), Saudi Arabia ($96.9M), India ($90.6M), Tanzania ($69.7M), and United Arab Emirates ($64.9M).

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Fastest Growing Export Markets (2019 - 2020)

Fastest Growing Import Markets (2019 - 2020)

Burundi Exports Services (2018): $105M

Burundi Imports Services (2018): $229M

In 2018, Burundi exported $105M worth of services. The top services exported by Burundi in 2018 were Government services, n.i.e. ($80.6M), Other business services ($11.1M), Computer and information services ($4.17M), Personal travel ($3.61M), and Transportation ($2.22M).

The top services imported by Burundi in 2018 were Transportation ($161M), Other business services ($19.1M), Government services, n.i.e. ($13.3M), Business travel ($12.6M), and Personal travel ($10.2M).

Tariffs by Product

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The top product import tariffs by their MFN Ad Valorem value for Burundi are Raw sugar, beet (100%)and Refined sugar, in solid form, flavoured or coloured (100%).

Click any of the products in the bar chart to see the specific Ad Valorem Duty Rates by partner country.

*The tariffs applied to imports for Burundi are:
116: Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (Group II) Non-FTA Member States
136: Most Favoured Nation duty rate treatement
200: Preferential tariff for East African Community (EAC)

Economic Complexity

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Most Specialized Products by RCA Index

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Burundi has a high level of specialization in Tin Ores (351), Niobium, Tantalum, Vanadium and Zirconium Ore (313), Tea (232), Coffee (109), and Other Fermented Beverages (61.5). Specialization is measured using RCA, an index that takes the ratio between Burundi observed and expected exports in each product.

Most Complex Products by PCI

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The highest complexity exports of Burundi according to the product complexity index (PCI) are Machinery, apparatus, equipment for print preparation (0.89), Self-propelled earth moving, road making, etc machines (0.78), Electric generating sets and rotary converters (0.53), Reservoirs, tanks, vats, etc, iron or steel cap >300l (0.3), and Fermented beverages nes (eg cider, perry, mead) (0.19). PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Export Opportunities by Relatedness

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The top export opportunities for Burundi according to the relatedness index, are Cocoa Beans (0.089), Other Oily Seeds (0.082), Palm Oil (0.079), Manganese Ore (0.079), and Insect Resins (0.072). Relatedness measures the distance between a country's current exports and each product. The barchart show only products that Burundi is not specialized in.

The product space is a network connecting products that are likely to be co-exported. The product space can be used to predict future exports, since countries are more likely to start exporting products that are related to current exports. Relatedness measures the distance between a product, and all of the products a country currently specializes in.

Relatedness Space

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This network shows the products most related to the production structure of Burundi. These are products that tend to be co-exported with the products that Burundi exports. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.

Diversification Frontier

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The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk vs strategic value of a country's potential export oppotunities. Relatedness is predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth, less income inequality, and lower greenhouse emissions.