Overview: In 2018 Egypt was the number 43 economy in the world in terms of GDP (current US$), the number 62 in total exports, the number 42 in total imports, and the number 71 most complex economy according to the Economic Complexity Index (ECI). In 2018, Egypt exported $35.2B and imported $83.9B, resulting in a negative trade balance of -$48.7B. In 2018, Egypt's exports per capita were $358 and its imports per capita were $853.
Trade: The top exports of Egypt are Crude Petroleum ($4.93B), Refined Petroleum ($1.99B), Gold ($1.86B), Nitrogenous Fertilizers ($1.39B), and Petroleum Gas ($1.17B). The top imports of Egypt are Wheat ($4.54B), Refined Petroleum ($4.44B), Crude Petroleum ($3.28B), Semi-Finished Iron ($2.68B), and Cars ($2.35B).
Destinations: Egypt exports mostly to Italy ($2.67B), United States ($2.48B), Turkey ($2.41B), United Arab Emirates ($2B), and Saudi Arabia ($1.6B), and imports mostly from China ($12.3B), Russia ($7.75B), United States ($4.93B), Germany ($3.83B), and Saudi Arabia ($3.53B).
Location: Egypt borders Israel, Libya, and Sudan by land and Cyprus, Greece, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, and Turkey by sea.