Flag Turkey / Germany Flag

2020
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Exports
: $16.3B, Rnk 1 / 215

2020
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Top Product
: $919M, Vehicle Parts

2020
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Exports
: $24B, Rnk 16 / 220

2020
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Top Product
: $2.66B, Cars

2020
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Economic Complexity (ECI)
: ECI 0.58, Rnk 38 / 127

2020
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Economic Complexity (ECI)
: ECI 1.88, Rnk 4 / 127

2020
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GDP
: $720B, CURRENT US$
Rnk 19 / 195

2010-2020
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GDP GROWTH
: -7.34%, CURRENT US$
Rnk 170 / 195

2020
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 GDP
: $3.85T, CURRENT US$
Rnk 4 / 195

2010-2020
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GDP GROWTH
: 13.3%, CURRENT US$
Rnk 133 / 195

2020
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GDP PC 
: $8,536, CURRENT US$
Rnk 79 / 195

2010-2020
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GDP PC GROWTH
: -20.5%, CURRENT US$
Rnk 171 / 195

2020
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GDP PC
: $46,208, CURRENT US$
Rnk 19 / 195

2010-2020
Flag
GDP PC GROWTH
: 11.3%, CURRENT US$
Rnk 107 / 195

Turkey-Germany In 2020, Turkey exported $16.3B to Germany. The main products that Turkey exported to Germany are Vehicle Parts ($919M), Cars ($884M), and Engine Parts ($801M). During the last 25 years the exports of Turkey to Germany have increased at an annualized rate of 4.64%, from $5.26B in 1995 to $16.3B in 2020.

In 2011, Turkey exported services to Germany worth $3.73B, with Travel ($3.66B), Insurance services ($43.7M), and Other business services ($28.8M) being the largest in terms of value.

Germany-Turkey In 2020, Germany exported $24B to Turkey . The main products that Germany exported to Turkey were Cars ($2.66B), Planes, Helicopters, and/or Spacecraft ($1.97B), and Vehicle Parts ($1.2B). During the last 25 years the exports of Germany to Turkey have increased at an annualized rate of 5.73%, from $5.95B in 1995 to $24B in 2020.

In 2018, Germany exported services to Turkey worth $2.23B, with Transportation ($785M), Other business services ($503M), and Travel ($351M) being the largest in terms of value.

Comparison In 2020,  Turkey ranked 38 in the Economic Complexity Index (ECI 0.58), and 29 in total exports ($177B). That same year, Germany ranked 4 in the Economic Complexity Index (ECI 1.88), and 3 in total exports ($1.33T).

Historical Data

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Bilateral Trade by Products

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Depth
Value
Compare to

In 2020, Turkey exported $16.3B to Germany. The main products exported from Turkey to Germany were Vehicle Parts ($919M), Cars ($884M), and Engine Parts ($801M). During the last 25 years the exports of Turkey to Germany have increased at an annualized rate of 4.64%, from $5.26B in 1995 to $16.3B in 2020.

In 2020, Germany exported $24B to Turkey. The main products exported from Germany to Turkey were Cars ($2.66B), Planes, Helicopters, and/or Spacecraft ($1.97B), and Vehicle Parts ($1.2B). During the last 25 years the exports of Germany to Turkey have increased at an annualized rate of 5.73%, from $5.95B in 1995 to $24B in 2020.

Turkey Exports

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Germany Exports

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Market Competitiveness

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Measure

Turkey
Top Destination
: Germany, $16.3B

Germany
Top Destination
: United States, $116B

This map shows whether countries import more from Turkey or Germany. Each country is colored based on the difference in imports they receive from Turkey and Germany or the difference in the growth in imports.

In 2019, countries that imported more from Turkey than Germany were Iraq ($9.14B), Azerbaijan ($2.03B), and Syria ($1.42B).

In 2019, countries that imported more from Germany than Turkey were United States ($116B), China ($106B), and France ($101B).

Comparative Advantage Turkey - Germany

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Flow

This chart compares trade between Turkey and Germany by product, considering products traded by both, Turkey and Germany.

During 2020, Turkey had a large net trade with Germany in the exports of Textiles ($3.9B), Machines ($3.42B), and Transportation ($2.81B).

During 2020, Germany had a large net trade with Turkey in the exports of Machines ($7.25B), Transportation ($6.67B), and Chemical Products ($2.78B).

Tariff Section

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This section shows import tariffs for products traded between Turkey and Germany (using the HS6 product classification and the last year reported).

In 2019, the products from Turkey that paid the highest import tariffs to enter Germany were Bovine cuts boneless, fresh or chilled (225%)and Bovine cuts boneless, frozen (225%).

In 2019, the products from Germany that paid the highest import tariffs to enter Turkey were Whey (164%)and Mushrooms, prepared or preserved, not in vinegar (127%).

*The tariffs present between Turkey and Germany are:
136: Most Favoured Nation duty rate treatement
136: Most Favoured Nation duty rate treatement
139: Non-MFN duty rate for countries excluded from Most-Favoured- Nation (MFN) treatement
219: Preferential tariff for European Union countries (AA) Association Agreement
219: Preferential tariff for European Union countries (AA) Association Agreement

Bilateral Service Trade

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In 2011, Turkey exported services to Germany worth $3.73B, with Travel ($3.66B), Insurance services ($43.7M), and Other business services ($28.8M) being the largest in terms of value.

In 2018, Germany exported services to Turkey worth $2.23B, with Transportation ($785M), Other business services ($503M), and Travel ($351M) being the largest in terms of value.

Service trade data is presented based on availability.

Economic Complexity

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Competitive Landscape

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This visualization show the product space at the HS4 level colored from blue to red.  This mean that the more blue a dot/product is, the more Turkey has comparative advantage over Germany. Similarly, the more red a dot/product is, the more Germany has comparative advantage over Turkey.