2022
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GDP
$301BCURRENT US$
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2012-2022
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GDP GROWTH
68.2%CURRENT US$
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2022
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 GDP
$4.07TCURRENT US$
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2012-2022
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GDP GROWTH
15.5%CURRENT US$
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2022
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GDP PC 
$15,892CURRENT US$
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2012-2022
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GDP PC GROWTH
77.9%CURRENT US$
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2022
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GDP PC
$48,432CURRENT US$
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2012-2022
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GDP PC GROWTH
10.4%CURRENT US$
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About

Romania-Germany Trade: In 2022, Romania exported $16.1B to Germany. The main products that Romania exported to Germany were Motor vehicles; parts and accessories (8701 to 8705) ($3.26B), Electrical Control Boards ($1.5B), and Insulated Wire ($1.38B). Over the past 5 years the exports of Romania to Germany have increased at an annualized rate of 60.3%, from $1.52B in 2017 to $16.1B in 2022.

In 2020, Romania exported services to Germany worth $4.3B, with Computer and information services ($1.38B), Transportation ($1.29B), and Other business services ($1.18B) being the largest in terms of value.

Germany-Romania Trade: In 2022, Germany exported $16.4B to Romania. The main products that Germany exported to Romania were Motor vehicles; parts and accessories (8701 to 8705) ($1.47B), Integrated Circuits ($1.11B), and Cars ($951M). Over the past 5 years the exports of Germany to Romania have increased at an annualized rate of 56.6%,  from $1.75B in 2017 to $16.4B in 2022.

In 2020, Germany exported services to Romania worth $1.8B, with Other business services ($922M), Transportation ($395M), and Computer and information services ($239M) being the largest in terms of value.

Comparison: In 2022,  Romania ranked 26 in the Economic Complexity Index (ECI 1.03), and 43 in total exports ($99.5B). That same year, Germany ranked 5 in the Economic Complexity Index (ECI 1.78), and 3 in total exports ($1.6T).

Historical Data

Bilateral Trade by Products

Depth
Value

In 2022, Romania exported $16.1B to Germany. The main products exported from Romania to Germany were Motor vehicles; parts and accessories (8701 to 8705) ($3.26B), Electrical Control Boards ($1.5B), and Insulated Wire ($1.38B). During the last 5 years the exports of Romania to Germany have increased at an annualized rate of 60.3%, from $1.52B in 2017 to $16.1B in 2022.

In 2017, Germany exported $16.4B to Romania. The main products exported from Germany to Romania were Motor vehicles; parts and accessories (8701 to 8705) ($1.47B), Integrated Circuits ($1.11B), and Cars ($951M). During the last 22 years the exports of Germany to Romania have increased at an annualized rate of 56.6%, from $1.75B in 1995 to $16.4B in 2017.

Exports from Romania (Flag) to Germany (Flag) (2022)

Exports from Germany (Flag) to Romania (Flag) (2022)

Latest Data

Trade between Romania (Flag) and Germany (Flag)

Romania Exports

Germany Exports

Market Competitiveness

Color
Romania
Top Destination
Germany$18.8B
Germany
Top Destination
United States$153B

This map shows whether countries import more from Romania or Germany. Each country is colored based on the difference in imports they receive from Romania and Germany or the difference in the growth in imports.

In 2022, countries that imported more from Romania than Germany included Moldova ($2.14B), Jordan ($1.03B), and Gibraltar ($244M).

In 2022, countries that imported more from Germany than Romania included United States ($153B), France ($120B), and China ($109B).

Difference in imports from Germany (Flag) and Romania (Flag) (2022)

Comparative Advantage Romania - Germany

Flow
Scale

This chart compares trade between Romania and Germany by product, considering products traded by both, Romania and Germany.

During 2022, Romania had a large net trade with Germany in the exports of Machines ($7.74B), Transportation ($4.56B), and Metals ($1.62B).

During 2017, Germany had a large net trade with Romania in the exports of Machines ($7.72B), Transportation ($3.15B), and Chemical Products ($2.23B).

Service Trade

Bilateral Service Trade

In 2020, Romania exported services to Germany worth $4.3B, with Computer and information services ($1.38B), Transportation ($1.29B), and Other business services ($1.18B) being the largest in terms of value.

In 2020, Germany exported services to Romania worth $1.8B, with Other business services ($922M), Transportation ($395M), and Computer and information services ($239M) being the largest in terms of value.

Service trade data is presented based on availability.

Services Exports from Romania (Flag) to Germany (Flag) (2020)

Services Exports from Germany (Flag) to Romania (Flag) (2020)

Economic Complexity

Competitive Landscape

This visualization shows the product space at the HS4 level with the flags of Romania and Germany. This means that a dot/product with the flag of Romania indicates it has a comparative advantage over Germany. Similarly, a dot/product with the flag of Germany indicates it has a comparative advantage over Romania.

Product Space of Romania (Flag) and Germany (Flag) (2022)

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