Flag Netherlands / Germany Flag

Exports Flag → Flag  (2018): $111B, Rnk 1 / 219

Top Product Flag → Flag (2018): $10.6B, Refined Petroleum

Exports Flag → Flag (2018): $93.6B, Rnk 4 / 216

Top Product Flag → Flag (2018): $6.21B, Blood, antisera, vaccines, toxins and cultures

Economic Complexity of Flag (2018): ECI 1.16, Rnk 20 / 137

Economic Complexity of Flag (2018): ECI 1.9, Rnk 4 / 137

GDP Flag (2018): $914B, CURRENT US$
Rnk 17 / 196

GDP GROWTH Flag (2008-2018): -3.62%, CURRENT US$
Rnk 176 / 196

GDP Flag (2018): $3.95T, CURRENT US$
Rnk 4 / 196

GDP GROWTH Flag (2008-2018): 5.83%, CURRENT US$
Rnk 153 / 196

GDP PC Flag (2018): $53,024, CURRENT US$
Rnk 14 / 196

GDP PC GROWTH Flag (2008-2018): -8.02%, CURRENT US$
Rnk 164 / 196

GDP PC Flag (2018): $47,603, CURRENT US$
Rnk 18 / 196

GDP PC GROWTH Flag (2008-2018): 4.79%, CURRENT US$
Rnk 131 / 196

Netherlands-Germany: In 2018, Netherlands exported $111B to Germany. The main products exported from Netherlands to Germany were Refined Petroleum ($10.6B), Packaged Medicaments ($3.11B), and Blood, antisera, vaccines, toxins and cultures ($2.82B). During the last 23 years the exports of Netherlands to Germany have increased at an annualized rate of 4.81%, from $37.8B in 1995 to $111B in 2018. In 2009, Netherlands exported services to Germany worth $30.4B, with Services not allocated ($15.1B), Travel ($4.93B), and Transportation ($4.78B) being the largest in terms of value.

Germany-Netherlands: In 2018, Germany exported $93.6B to Netherlands. The main products exported from Germany to Netherlands were Blood, antisera, vaccines, toxins and cultures ($6.21B), Packaged Medicaments ($4.11B), and Cars ($3.69B). During the last 23 years the exports of Germany to Netherlands have increased at an annualized rate of 4.19%, from $36.5B in 1995 to $93.6B in 2018. In 2016, Germany exported services to Netherlands worth $15B, with Other business services ($4.24B), Travel ($3.78B), and Transportation ($2.04B) being the largest in terms of value.

Comparison: In 2018, Netherlands ranked 20 in the Economic Complexity Index (ECI 1.16), and 7 in total exports ($550B). That same year, Germany ranked 4 in the Economic Complexity Index (ECI 1.9), and 2 in total exports ($1.5T). In terms of GDP Per Capita, Netherlands was ranked 14 with a GDP Per Capita of $53,024, and Germany was ranked 18 with a GDP Per Capita of $47,603.

Bilateral Trade by Products

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Depth
Value

In 2018, Netherlands exported $111B to Germany. The main products exported from Netherlands to Germany were Refined Petroleum ($10.6B), Packaged Medicaments ($3.11B), and Blood, antisera, vaccines, toxins and cultures ($2.82B). During the last 23 years the exports of Netherlands to Germany have increased at an annualized rate of 4.81%, from $37.8B in 1995 to $111B in 2018.

In 2018, Germany exported $93.6B to Netherlands. The main products exported from Germany to Netherlands were Blood, antisera, vaccines, toxins and cultures ($6.21B), Packaged Medicaments ($4.11B), and Cars ($3.69B). During the last 23 years the exports of Germany to Netherlands have increased at an annualized rate of 4.19%, from $36.5B in 1995 to $93.6B in 2018.

Market Competitiveness

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Measure

Netherlands
Top Destination
: Germany, $111B

Germany
Top Destination
: United States, $132B

This map shows whether countries import more from Netherlands or Germany. Each country is colored based on the difference in imports they receive from Netherlands and Germany or the difference in the growth in imports.

In 2018, countries that imported more from Netherlands than Germany were Belgium-Luxembourg ($71.3B), Nigeria ($5B), and Togo ($1.78B).

In 2018, countries that imported more from Germany than Netherlands were United States ($132B), China ($109B), and France ($121B).

Comparative Advantage Netherlands - Germany

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Depth

This chart compares trade between Netherlands and Germany by product, considering products traded by both, Netherlands and Germany.

During 2018, Netherlands had a large net trade with Germany in the exports of Machines ($19.3B), Chemical Products ($17.3B), and Mineral Products ($14.5B).

During 2018, Germany had a large net trade with Netherlands in the exports of Machines ($21.2B), Chemical Products ($18.5B), and Transportation ($9.8B).

Trade Forecasts

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This section shows a forecast for total trade between Netherlands and Germany. The forecast is based on a long short-term memory model or LSTM constructed using yearly trade data.

To create custom forecast, or modify the parameters of the forecasting model, visit our Forecast Section.

Explore Forecasts

Bilateral Service Trade

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In 2009, Netherlands exported services to Germany worth $30.4B, with Services not allocated ($15.1B), Travel ($4.93B), and Transportation ($4.78B) being the largest in terms of value.

In 2016, Germany exported services to Netherlands worth $15B, with Other business services ($4.24B), Travel ($3.78B), and Transportation ($2.04B) being the largest in terms of value.

Service trade data is presented based on availability.

Economic Complexity

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Competitive Landscape

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This visualization show the product space at the HS4 level colored from blue to red.  This mean that the more blue a dot/product is, the more Netherlands has comparative advantage over Germany. Similarly, the more red a dot/product is, the more Germany has comparative advantage over Netherlands.