Flag Netherlands / China Flag

Exports Flag β†’ Flag  (2018): $13.8B, Rnk 9 / 219

Top Product Flag β†’ Flag (2018): $2.38B, Photo Lab Equipment

Exports Flag β†’ Flag (2018): $63.7B, Rnk 8 / 206

Top Product Flag β†’ Flag (2018): $9.93B, Broadcasting Equipment

Economic Complexity of Flag (2018): ECI 1.16, Rnk 20 / 137

Economic Complexity of Flag (2018): ECI 0.89, Rnk 30 / 137

GDP Flag (2018): $914B, CURRENT US$
Rnk 17 / 196

GDP GROWTH Flag (2008-2018): -3.62%, CURRENT US$
Rnk 176 / 196

GDP Flag (2018): $13.6T, CURRENT US$
Rnk 2 / 196

GDP GROWTH Flag (2008-2018): 196%, CURRENT US$
Rnk 6 / 196

GDP PC Flag (2018): $53,024, CURRENT US$
Rnk 14 / 196

GDP PC GROWTH Flag (2008-2018): -8.02%, CURRENT US$
Rnk 164 / 196

GDP PC Flag (2018): $9,771, CURRENT US$
Rnk 78 / 196

GDP PC GROWTH Flag (2008-2018): 182%, CURRENT US$
Rnk 3 / 196

Netherlands-China: In 2018, Netherlands exported $13.8B to China. The main products exported from Netherlands to China were Photo Lab Equipment ($2.38B), Malt Extract ($1.44B), and Packaged Medicaments ($494M). During the last 23 years the exports of Netherlands to China have increased at an annualized rate of 12.6%, from $894M in 1995 to $13.8B in 2018. In 2009, Netherlands exported services to China worth $3.12B, with Services not allocated ($1.6B), Other business services ($770M), and Royalties and license fees ($220M) being the largest in terms of value.

China-Netherlands: In 2018, China exported $63.7B to Netherlands. The main products exported from China to Netherlands were Broadcasting Equipment ($9.93B), Computers ($9.7B), and Office Machine Parts ($6.34B). During the last 23 years the exports of China to Netherlands have increased at an annualized rate of 15.1%, from $2.5B in 1995 to $63.7B in 2018.

Comparison: In 2018, Netherlands ranked 20 in the Economic Complexity Index (ECI 1.16), and 7 in total exports ($550B). That same year, China ranked 30 in the Economic Complexity Index (ECI 0.89), and 1 in total exports ($2.59T). In terms of GDP Per Capita, Netherlands was ranked 14 with a GDP Per Capita of $53,024, and China was ranked 78 with a GDP Per Capita of $9,771.

Bilateral Trade by Products

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Depth
Value

In 2018, Netherlands exported $13.8B to China. The main products exported from Netherlands to China were Photo Lab Equipment ($2.38B), Malt Extract ($1.44B), and Packaged Medicaments ($494M). During the last 23 years the exports of Netherlands to China have increased at an annualized rate of 12.6%, from $894M in 1995 to $13.8B in 2018.

In 2018, China exported $63.7B to Netherlands. The main products exported from China to Netherlands were Broadcasting Equipment ($9.93B), Computers ($9.7B), and Office Machine Parts ($6.34B). During the last 23 years the exports of China to Netherlands have increased at an annualized rate of 15.1%, from $2.5B in 1995 to $63.7B in 2018.

Market Competitiveness

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Measure

Netherlands
Top Destination
: Germany, $111B

China
Top Destination
: United States, $499B

This map shows whether countries import more from Netherlands or China. Each country is colored based on the difference in imports they receive from Netherlands and China or the difference in the growth in imports.

In 2018, countries that imported more from Netherlands than China were Belgium-Luxembourg ($71.3B), Germany ($111B), and Sweden ($13.8B).

In 2018, countries that imported more from China than Netherlands were United States ($499B), Hong Kong ($282B), and Japan ($155B).

Comparative Advantage Netherlands - China

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Depth

This chart compares trade between Netherlands and China by product, considering products traded by both, Netherlands and China.

During 2018, Netherlands had a large net trade with China in the exports of Instruments ($3.81B), Machines ($2.56B), and Foodstuffs ($1.75B).

During 2018, China had a large net trade with Netherlands in the exports of Machines ($38.1B), Miscellaneous ($5.03B), and Textiles ($4.33B).

Tariff Section

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This sections shows import tariffs for products traded between Netherlands and China (using the HS6 product classification and the last year reported).

In 2017, the products from Netherlands that paid the highest import tariffs to enter China were Sugar beet (178%) and Whey (173%).

In 2018, the products from China that paid the highest import tariffs to enter Netherlands were Vermouth and other flavoured grape wines - pack < 2l (65%) and Vermouth and other flavoured grape wines - pack > 2l (65%).

Explore Tariff Data

*The tariffs present between Netherlands and China are:
122: EU preferential tariff for sugar producing countries
136: Most Favoured Nation duty rate treatement

Trade Forecasts

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This section shows a forecast for total trade between Netherlands and China. The forecast is based on a long short-term memory model or LSTM constructed using yearly trade data.

To create custom forecast, or modify the parameters of the forecasting model, visit our Forecast Section.

Explore Forecasts

Bilateral Service Trade

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In 2009, Netherlands exported services to China worth $3.12B, with Services not allocated ($1.6B), Other business services ($770M), and Royalties and license fees ($220M) being the largest in terms of value.

Service trade data is presented based on availability.

Economic Complexity

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Competitive Landscape

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This visualization show the product space at the HS4 level colored from blue to red.  This mean that the more blue a dot/product is, the more Netherlands has comparative advantage over China. Similarly, the more red a dot/product is, the more China has comparative advantage over Netherlands.