Flag Germany / United States Flag

2020
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Exports
: $116B, Rnk 1 / 220

2020
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Top Product
: $15.1B, Cars

2020
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Exports
: $59.2B, Rnk 5 / 218

2020
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Top Product
: $6.46B, Cars

2020
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Economic Complexity (ECI)
: ECI 1.88, Rnk 4 / 127

2020
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Economic Complexity (ECI)
: ECI 1.56, Rnk 9 / 127

2020
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GDP
: $3.85T, CURRENT US$
Rnk 4 / 204

2010-2020
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GDP GROWTH
: 13.1%, CURRENT US$
Rnk 136 / 204

2020
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 GDP
: $20.9T, CURRENT US$
Rnk 1 / 204

2010-2020
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GDP GROWTH
: 38.8%, CURRENT US$
Rnk 78 / 204

2020
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GDP PC 
: $46,253, CURRENT US$
Rnk 20 / 204

2010-2020
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GDP PC GROWTH
: 11.3%, CURRENT US$
Rnk 110 / 204

2020
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GDP PC
: $63,028, CURRENT US$
Rnk 9 / 204

2010-2020
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GDP PC GROWTH
: 29.6%, CURRENT US$
Rnk 65 / 204

Germany-United States In 2020, Germany exported $116B to United States. The main products that Germany exported to United States are Cars ($15.1B), Packaged Medicaments ($10.8B), and Vaccines, blood, antisera, toxins and cultures ($7.07B). During the last 25 years the exports of Germany to United States have increased at an annualized rate of 4.58%, from $37.7B in 1995 to $116B in 2020.

In 2020, Germany exported services to United States worth $8.03B, with Insurance services ($4.15B), Government services, n.i.e. ($1.6B), and Financial services ($1.4B) being the largest in terms of value.

United States-Germany In 2020, United States exported $59.2B to Germany. The main products that United States exported to Germany were Cars ($6.46B), Vaccines, blood, antisera, toxins and cultures ($4.11B), and Crude Petroleum ($3.37B). During the last 25 years the exports of United States to Germany have increased at an annualized rate of 3.66%, from $24.1B in 1995 to $59.2B in 2020.

In 2017, United States exported services to Germany worth $35.5B, with Other business services ($9.11B), Travel ($5.88B), and Financial services ($5.73B) being the largest in terms of value.

Comparison In 2020,  Germany ranked 4 in the Economic Complexity Index (ECI 1.88), and 3 in total exports ($1.33T). That same year, United States ranked 9 in the Economic Complexity Index (ECI 1.56), and 2 in total exports ($1.34T).

Historical Data

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Bilateral Trade by Products

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Depth
Value

In 2020, Germany exported $116B to United States. The main products exported from Germany to United States were Cars ($15.1B), Packaged Medicaments ($10.8B), and Vaccines, blood, antisera, toxins and cultures ($7.07B). During the last 25 years the exports of Germany to United States have increased at an annualized rate of 4.58%, from $37.7B in 1995 to $116B in 2020.

In 2020, United States exported $59.2B to Germany. The main products exported from United States to Germany were Cars ($6.46B), Vaccines, blood, antisera, toxins and cultures ($4.11B), and Crude Petroleum ($3.37B). During the last 25 years the exports of United States to Germany have increased at an annualized rate of 3.66%, from $24.1B in 1995 to $59.2B in 2020.

Market Competitiveness

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Measure

Germany
Top Destination
: United States, $116B

United States
Top Destination
: Canada, $218B

This map shows whether countries import more from Germany or United States. Each country is colored based on the difference in imports they receive from Germany and United States or the difference in the growth in imports.

In 2019, countries that imported more from Germany than United States were France ($101B), Poland ($67.9B), and Austria ($64.4B).

In 2019, countries that imported more from United States than Germany were Canada ($218B), Mexico ($196B), and Japan ($63.1B).

Comparative Advantage Germany - United States

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Flow

This chart compares trade between Germany and United States by product, considering products traded by both, Germany and United States.

During 2020, Germany had a large net trade with United States in the exports of Machines ($34.9B), Chemical Products ($26.2B), and Transportation ($23.3B).

During 2020, United States had a large net trade with Germany in the exports of Chemical Products ($13.2B), Machines ($13B), and Transportation ($10.2B).

Bilateral Service Trade

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In 2020, Germany exported services to United States worth $8.03B, with Insurance services ($4.15B), Government services, n.i.e. ($1.6B), and Financial services ($1.4B) being the largest in terms of value.

In 2017, United States exported services to Germany worth $35.5B, with Other business services ($9.11B), Travel ($5.88B), and Financial services ($5.73B) being the largest in terms of value.

Service trade data is presented based on availability.

Economic Complexity

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Competitive Landscape

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This visualization show the product space at the HS4 level colored from blue to yellow.  This mean that the more blue a dot/product is, the more Germany has comparative advantage over United States. Similarly, the more yellow a dot/product is, the more United States has comparative advantage over Germany.