Flag Germany / United States Flag

Exports Flag β†’ Flag  (2018): $132B, Rnk 1 / 216

Top Product Flag β†’ Flag (2018): $21.7B, Cars

Exports Flag β†’ Flag (2018): $55.8B, Rnk 6 / 215

Top Product Flag β†’ Flag (2018): $5.63B, Cars

Economic Complexity of Flag (2018): ECI 1.9, Rnk 4 / 137

Economic Complexity of Flag (2018): ECI 1.57, Rnk 9 / 137

GDP Flag (2018): $3.95T, CURRENT US$
Rnk 4 / 196

GDP GROWTH Flag (2008-2018): 5.83%, CURRENT US$
Rnk 153 / 196

GDP Flag (2018): $20.5T, CURRENT US$
Rnk 1 / 196

GDP GROWTH Flag (2008-2018): 39.6%, CURRENT US$
Rnk 99 / 196

GDP PC Flag (2018): $47,603, CURRENT US$
Rnk 18 / 196

GDP PC GROWTH Flag (2008-2018): 4.79%, CURRENT US$
Rnk 131 / 196

GDP PC Flag (2018): $62,795, CURRENT US$
Rnk 10 / 196

GDP PC GROWTH Flag (2008-2018): 29.8%, CURRENT US$
Rnk 81 / 196

Germany-United States: In 2018, Germany exported $132B to United States. The main products exported from Germany to United States were Cars ($21.7B), Packaged Medicaments ($11.2B), and Vehicle Parts ($5.83B). During the last 23 years the exports of Germany to United States have increased at an annualized rate of 5.67%, from $37.1B in 1995 to $132B in 2018. In 2017, Germany exported services to United States worth $42.5B, with Other business services ($16.5B), Computer and information services ($8.44B), and Transportation ($8.36B) being the largest in terms of value.

United States-Germany: In 2018, United States exported $55.8B to Germany. The main products exported from United States to Germany were Cars ($5.63B), Blood, antisera, vaccines, toxins and cultures ($2.84B), and Medical Instruments ($1.93B). During the last 23 years the exports of United States to Germany have increased at an annualized rate of 3.06%, from $27.9B in 1995 to $55.8B in 2018. In 2011, United States exported services to Germany worth $18.7B, with Royalties and license fees ($7.23B), Travel ($5.63B), and Transportation ($4.4B) being the largest in terms of value.

Comparison: In 2018, Germany ranked 4 in the Economic Complexity Index (ECI 1.9), and 2 in total exports ($1.5T). That same year, United States ranked 9 in the Economic Complexity Index (ECI 1.57), and 3 in total exports ($1.44T). In terms of GDP Per Capita, Germany was ranked 18 with a GDP Per Capita of $47,603, and United States was ranked 10 with a GDP Per Capita of $62,795.

Bilateral Trade by Products

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Depth
Value

In 2018, Germany exported $132B to United States. The main products exported from Germany to United States were Cars ($21.7B), Packaged Medicaments ($11.2B), and Vehicle Parts ($5.83B). During the last 23 years the exports of Germany to United States have increased at an annualized rate of 5.67%, from $37.1B in 1995 to $132B in 2018.

In 2018, United States exported $55.8B to Germany. The main products exported from United States to Germany were Cars ($5.63B), Blood, antisera, vaccines, toxins and cultures ($2.84B), and Medical Instruments ($1.93B). During the last 23 years the exports of United States to Germany have increased at an annualized rate of 3.06%, from $27.9B in 1995 to $55.8B in 2018.

Market Competitiveness

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Measure

Germany
Top Destination
: United States, $132B

United States
Top Destination
: Mexico, $237B

This map shows whether countries import more from Germany or United States. Each country is colored based on the difference in imports they receive from Germany and United States or the difference in the growth in imports.

In 2018, countries that imported more from Germany than United States were France ($121B), Austria ($70.4B), and Poland ($70.9B).

In 2018, countries that imported more from United States than Germany were Mexico ($237B), Canada ($190B), and Japan ($73.5B).

Comparative Advantage Germany - United States

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Depth

This chart compares trade between Germany and United States by product, considering products traded by both, Germany and United States.

During 2018, Germany had a large net trade with United States in the exports of Machines ($40.3B), Transportation ($34B), and Chemical Products ($23.5B).

During 2018, United States had a large net trade with Germany in the exports of Machines ($15B), Chemical Products ($10.4B), and Transportation ($8.65B).

Tariff Section

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This sections shows import tariffs for products traded between Germany and United States (using the HS6 product classification and the last year reported).

In 2017, the products from Germany that paid the highest import tariffs to enter United States were Sugar beet (178%) and Whey (173%).

In 2018, the products from United States that paid the highest import tariffs to enter Germany were Tobacco: smoking, other than water pipe tobacco, whether or not containing tobacco substitutes in any proportion (350%) and Homogenized or reconstituted tobacco (350%).

Explore Tariff Data

*The tariffs present between Germany and United States are:
136: Most Favoured Nation duty rate treatement

Trade Forecasts

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This section shows a forecast for total trade between Germany and United States. The forecast is based on a long short-term memory model or LSTM constructed using yearly trade data.

To create custom forecast, or modify the parameters of the forecasting model, visit our Forecast Section.

Explore Forecasts

Bilateral Service Trade

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In 2017, Germany exported services to United States worth $42.5B, with Other business services ($16.5B), Computer and information services ($8.44B), and Transportation ($8.36B) being the largest in terms of value.

In 2011, United States exported services to Germany worth $18.7B, with Royalties and license fees ($7.23B), Travel ($5.63B), and Transportation ($4.4B) being the largest in terms of value.

Service trade data is presented based on availability.

Economic Complexity

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Competitive Landscape

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This visualization show the product space at the HS4 level colored from blue to red.  This mean that the more blue a dot/product is, the more Germany has comparative advantage over United States. Similarly, the more red a dot/product is, the more United States has comparative advantage over Germany.