Flag Germany / United States Flag

2019
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Exports
: $131B, Rnk 1 / 223

2019
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Top Product
: $20.6B, Cars

2019
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Exports
: $59.8B, Rnk 5 / 218

2019
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Top Product
: $6.84B, Cars

2019
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Economic Complexity (ECI)
: ECI 1.98, Rnk 4 / 157

2019
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Economic Complexity (ECI)
: ECI 1.63, Rnk 10 / 157

2019
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GDP
: $3.86T, CURRENT US$
Rnk 4 / 187

2009-2019
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GDP GROWTH
: 13.6%, CURRENT US$
Rnk 158 / 187

2019
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 GDP
: $21.4T, CURRENT US$
Rnk 1 / 187

2009-2019
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GDP GROWTH
: 48.3%, CURRENT US$
Rnk 96 / 187

2019
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GDP PC 
: $46,445, CURRENT US$
Rnk 18 / 187

2009-2019
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GDP PC GROWTH
: 12%, CURRENT US$
Rnk 135 / 187

2019
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GDP PC 
: $65,298, CURRENT US$
Rnk 8 / 187

2009-2019
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GDP PC GROWTH
: 38.6%, CURRENT US$
Rnk 76 / 187

Germany-United States: In 2019, Germany exported $131B to United States. The main products that Germany exported to United States are Cars ($20.6B), Packaged Medicaments ($10.7B), and Vehicle Parts ($5.31B). During the last 24 years the exports of Germany to United States have increased at an annualized rate of 5.3%, from $37.9B in 1995 to $131B in 2019.

In 2017, Germany exported services to United States worth $42.5B, with Other business services ($16.5B), Computer and information services ($8.44B), and Transportation ($8.36B) being the largest in terms of value.

United States-Germany: In 2019, United States exported $59.8B to Germany . The main products that United States exported to Germany were Cars ($6.84B), Blood, antisera, vaccines, toxins and cultures ($3.58B), and Gas Turbines ($3.31B). During the last 24 years the exports of United States to Germany have increased at an annualized rate of 3.79%, from $24.5B in 1995 to $59.8B in 2019.

In 2011, United States exported services to Germany worth $18.7B, with Royalties and license fees ($7.23B), Travel ($5.63B), and Transportation ($4.4B) being the largest in terms of value.

Comparison: In 2019,  Germany ranked 4 in the Economic Complexity Index (ECI 1.98), and 3 in total exports ($1.44T). That same year, United States ranked 10 in the Economic Complexity Index (ECI 1.63), and 2 in total exports ($1.51T).

Bilateral Trade by Products

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Depth
Value

In 2019, Germany exported $131B to United States. The main products exported from Germany to United States were Cars ($20.6B), Packaged Medicaments ($10.7B), and Vehicle Parts ($5.31B). During the last 24 years the exports of Germany to United States have increased at an annualized rate of 5.3%, from $37.9B in 1995 to $131B in 2019.

In 2019, United States exported $59.8B to Germany. The main products exported from United States to Germany were Cars ($6.84B), Blood, antisera, vaccines, toxins and cultures ($3.58B), and Gas Turbines ($3.31B). During the last 24 years the exports of United States to Germany have increased at an annualized rate of 3.79%, from $24.5B in 1995 to $59.8B in 2019.

Market Competitiveness

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Measure

Germany
Top Destination
: United States, $131B

United States
Top Destination
: Canada, $252B

This map shows whether countries import more from Germany or United States. Each country is colored based on the difference in imports they receive from Germany and United States or the difference in the growth in imports.

In 2019, countries that imported more from Germany than United States were France ($115B), Poland ($69.6B), and Austria ($67.5B).

In 2019, countries that imported more from United States than Germany were Canada ($252B), Mexico ($235B), and Japan ($70.1B).

Comparative Advantage Germany - United States

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Depth

This chart compares trade between Germany and United States by product, considering products traded by both, Germany and United States.

During 2019, Germany had a large net trade with United States in the exports of Machines ($40.7B), Transportation ($33.4B), and Chemical Products ($23.4B).

During 2019, United States had a large net trade with Germany in the exports of Machines ($16B), Chemical Products ($11.6B), and Transportation ($11B).

Tariff Section

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This section shows import tariffs for products traded between Germany and United States (using the HS6 product classification and the last year reported).

In 2017, the products from Germany that paid the highest import tariffs to enter United States were Sugar beet (178%) and Whey (173%).

In 2018, the products from United States that paid the highest import tariffs to enter Germany were Tobacco: smoking, other than water pipe tobacco, whether or not containing tobacco substitutes in any proportion (350%) and Homogenized or reconstituted tobacco (350%).

Explore Tariff Data

*The tariffs present between Germany and United States are:
136: Most Favoured Nation duty rate treatement

Bilateral Service Trade

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In 2017, Germany exported services to United States worth $42.5B, with Other business services ($16.5B), Computer and information services ($8.44B), and Transportation ($8.36B) being the largest in terms of value.

In 2011, United States exported services to Germany worth $18.7B, with Royalties and license fees ($7.23B), Travel ($5.63B), and Transportation ($4.4B) being the largest in terms of value.

Service trade data is presented based on availability.

Economic Complexity

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Competitive Landscape

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This visualization show the product space at the HS4 level colored from blue to red.  This mean that the more blue a dot/product is, the more Germany has comparative advantage over United States. Similarly, the more red a dot/product is, the more United States has comparative advantage over Germany.