Flag Germany / Saudi Arabia Flag

2020
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Exports
: $6.79B, Rnk 35 / 220

2020
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Top Product
: $490M, Packaged Medicaments

2020
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Exports
: $1.04B, Rnk 29 / 178

2020
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Top Product
: $480M, Crude Petroleum

2020
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Economic Complexity (ECI)
: ECI 1.88, Rnk 4 / 127

2020
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Economic Complexity (ECI)
: ECI 0.86, Rnk 32 / 127

2020
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GDP
: $3.85T, CURRENT US$
Rnk 4 / 195

2010-2020
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GDP GROWTH
: 13.3%, CURRENT US$
Rnk 133 / 195

2020
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 GDP
: $700B, CURRENT US$
Rnk 20 / 195

2010-2020
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GDP GROWTH
: 32.5%, CURRENT US$
Rnk 92 / 195

2020
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GDP PC 
: $46,208, CURRENT US$
Rnk 19 / 195

2010-2020
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GDP PC GROWTH
: 11.3%, CURRENT US$
Rnk 107 / 195

2020
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GDP PC
: $20,110, CURRENT US$
Rnk 46 / 195

2010-2020
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GDP PC GROWTH
: 4.4%, CURRENT US$
Rnk 122 / 195

Germany-Saudi Arabia In 2020, Germany exported $6.79B to Saudi Arabia. The main products that Germany exported to Saudi Arabia are Packaged Medicaments ($490M), Planes, Helicopters, and/or Spacecraft ($305M), and Cars ($286M). During the last 25 years the exports of Germany to Saudi Arabia have increased at an annualized rate of 4.34%, from $2.35B in 1995 to $6.79B in 2020.

In 2020, Germany did not export any services to Saudi Arabia.

Saudi Arabia-Germany In 2020, Saudi Arabia exported $1.04B to Germany . The main products that Saudi Arabia exported to Germany were Crude Petroleum ($480M), Ethylene Polymers ($74.8M), and Non-Iron and Steel Slag, Ash and Residues ($73.1M). During the last 25 years the exports of Saudi Arabia to Germany have increased at an annualized rate of 1.13%, from $785M in 1995 to $1.04B in 2020.

In 2020, Saudi Arabia did not export any services to Germany.

Comparison In 2020,  Germany ranked 4 in the Economic Complexity Index (ECI 1.88), and 3 in total exports ($1.33T). That same year, Saudi Arabia ranked 32 in the Economic Complexity Index (ECI 0.86), and 30 in total exports ($167B).

Historical Data

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Bilateral Trade by Products

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Depth
Value
Compare to

In 2020, Germany exported $6.79B to Saudi Arabia. The main products exported from Germany to Saudi Arabia were Packaged Medicaments ($490M), Planes, Helicopters, and/or Spacecraft ($305M), and Cars ($286M). During the last 25 years the exports of Germany to Saudi Arabia have increased at an annualized rate of 4.34%, from $2.35B in 1995 to $6.79B in 2020.

In 2020, Saudi Arabia exported $1.04B to Germany. The main products exported from Saudi Arabia to Germany were Crude Petroleum ($480M), Ethylene Polymers ($74.8M), and Non-Iron and Steel Slag, Ash and Residues ($73.1M). During the last 25 years the exports of Saudi Arabia to Germany have increased at an annualized rate of 1.13%, from $785M in 1995 to $1.04B in 2020.

Market Competitiveness

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Measure

Germany
Top Destination
: United States, $116B

Saudi Arabia
Top Destination
: China, $33.4B

This map shows whether countries import more from Germany or Saudi Arabia. Each country is colored based on the difference in imports they receive from Germany and Saudi Arabia or the difference in the growth in imports.

In 2019, countries that imported more from Germany than Saudi Arabia were United States ($116B), France ($101B), and Netherlands ($84.8B).

In 2019, countries that imported more from Saudi Arabia than Germany were India ($16.8B), Bahrain ($1.85B), and Jordan ($2.37B).

Comparative Advantage Germany - Saudi Arabia

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Flow

This chart compares trade between Germany and Saudi Arabia by product, considering products traded by both, Germany and Saudi Arabia.

During 2020, Germany had a large net trade with Saudi Arabia in the exports of Machines ($1.69B), Chemical Products ($1.56B), and Transportation ($1.3B).

During 2020, Saudi Arabia had a large net trade with Germany in the exports of Mineral Products ($596M), Plastics and Rubbers ($146M), and Chemical Products ($109M).

Tariff Section

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This section shows import tariffs for products traded between Germany and Saudi Arabia (using the HS6 product classification and the last year reported).

In 2019, the products from Germany that paid the highest import tariffs to enter Saudi Arabia were Vermouth and other flavoured grape wines - pack > 2l (72.3k%)and Sugar beet (168%).

In 2017, the products from Saudi Arabia that paid the highest import tariffs to enter Germany were Tobacco refuse (1.37k%)and Homogenized or reconstituted tobacco (585%).

*The tariffs present between Germany and Saudi Arabia are:
122: EU preferential tariff for sugar producing countries
136: Most Favoured Nation duty rate treatement
136: Most Favoured Nation duty rate treatement

Economic Complexity

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Competitive Landscape

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This visualization show the product space at the HS4 level colored from blue to red.  This mean that the more blue a dot/product is, the more Germany has comparative advantage over Saudi Arabia. Similarly, the more red a dot/product is, the more Saudi Arabia has comparative advantage over Germany.