Flag Germany / France Flag

Exports Flag β†’ Flag  (2018): $121B, Rnk 2 / 216

Top Product Flag β†’ Flag (2018): $10.6B, Cars

Exports Flag β†’ Flag (2018): $78.5B, Rnk 1 / 214

Top Product Flag β†’ Flag (2018): $5.2B, Planes, Helicopters, and/or Spacecraft

Economic Complexity of Flag (2018): ECI 1.9, Rnk 4 / 137

Economic Complexity of Flag (2018): ECI 1.42, Rnk 15 / 137

GDP Flag (2018): $3.95T, CURRENT US$
Rnk 4 / 196

GDP GROWTH Flag (2008-2018): 5.83%, CURRENT US$
Rnk 153 / 196

GDP Flag (2018): $2.78T, CURRENT US$
Rnk 6 / 196

GDP GROWTH Flag (2008-2018): -4.83%, CURRENT US$
Rnk 179 / 196

GDP PC Flag (2018): $47,603, CURRENT US$
Rnk 18 / 196

GDP PC GROWTH Flag (2008-2018): 4.79%, CURRENT US$
Rnk 131 / 196

GDP PC Flag (2018): $41,464, CURRENT US$
Rnk 26 / 196

GDP PC GROWTH Flag (2008-2018): -8.54%, CURRENT US$
Rnk 165 / 196

Germany-France: In 2018, Germany exported $121B to France. The main products exported from Germany to France were Cars ($10.6B), Aircraft Parts ($6.3B), and Planes, Helicopters, and/or Spacecraft ($5.36B). During the last 23 years the exports of Germany to France have increased at an annualized rate of 3.53%, from $54.3B in 1995 to $121B in 2018. In 2016, Germany exported services to France worth $15.7B, with Other business services ($5.01B), Travel ($2.97B), and Transportation ($2.53B) being the largest in terms of value.

France-Germany: In 2018, France exported $78.5B to Germany. The main products exported from France to Germany were Planes, Helicopters, and/or Spacecraft ($5.2B), Cars ($4.36B), and Vehicle Parts ($3.89B). During the last 23 years the exports of France to Germany have increased at an annualized rate of 2.27%, from $46.8B in 1995 to $78.5B in 2018. In 2016, France exported services to Germany worth $22.6B, with Other business services ($8.81B), Travel ($6.21B), and Transportation ($4.78B) being the largest in terms of value.

Comparison: In 2018, Germany ranked 4 in the Economic Complexity Index (ECI 1.9), and 2 in total exports ($1.5T). That same year, France ranked 15 in the Economic Complexity Index (ECI 1.42), and 6 in total exports ($563B). In terms of GDP Per Capita, Germany was ranked 18 with a GDP Per Capita of $47,603, and France was ranked 26 with a GDP Per Capita of $41,464.

Bilateral Trade by Products

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Depth
Value

In 2018, Germany exported $121B to France. The main products exported from Germany to France were Cars ($10.6B), Aircraft Parts ($6.3B), and Planes, Helicopters, and/or Spacecraft ($5.36B). During the last 23 years the exports of Germany to France have increased at an annualized rate of 3.53%, from $54.3B in 1995 to $121B in 2018.

In 2018, France exported $78.5B to Germany. The main products exported from France to Germany were Planes, Helicopters, and/or Spacecraft ($5.2B), Cars ($4.36B), and Vehicle Parts ($3.89B). During the last 23 years the exports of France to Germany have increased at an annualized rate of 2.27%, from $46.8B in 1995 to $78.5B in 2018.

Market Competitiveness

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Measure

Germany
Top Destination
: United States, $132B

France
Top Destination
: Germany, $78.5B

This map shows whether countries import more from Germany or France. Each country is colored based on the difference in imports they receive from Germany and France or the difference in the growth in imports.

In 2018, countries that imported more from Germany than France were United States ($132B), China ($109B), and Netherlands ($93.6B).

In 2018, countries that imported more from France than Germany were Algeria ($6.04B), Morocco ($5.05B), and Qatar ($3.61B).

Comparative Advantage Germany - France

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Depth

This chart compares trade between Germany and France by product, considering products traded by both, Germany and France.

During 2018, Germany had a large net trade with France in the exports of Transportation ($30.7B), Machines ($27.4B), and Chemical Products ($13.6B).

During 2018, France had a large net trade with Germany in the exports of Transportation ($19B), Machines ($17.4B), and Chemical Products ($10.7B).

Tariff Section

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In 2017,  Germany and France are members of the European Union, so they have no Tariffs between each other regarding products.

Article 28 of the TFEU promotes the free circulation of goods within the EU by establishing a customs union. The customs union prohibits the charging of any duties on imports and exports within member states of the EU or the levying of any charge having the equivalent effect as a customs duty (CHEE). Duties are still payable on goods coming from countries outwith the EU but once the goods have passed through the import formalities of one member state they enjoy the same freedom of movement as goods originating within the EU.

To explore the different product levels and year available with data, visit our Tariff Explorer Section. Explore Tariff Data

Trade Forecasts

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This section shows a forecast for total trade between Germany and France. The forecast is based on a long short-term memory model or LSTM constructed using yearly trade data.

To create custom forecast, or modify the parameters of the forecasting model, visit our Forecast Section.

Explore Forecasts

Bilateral Service Trade

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In 2016, Germany exported services to France worth $15.7B, with Other business services ($5.01B), Travel ($2.97B), and Transportation ($2.53B) being the largest in terms of value.

In 2016, France exported services to Germany worth $22.6B, with Other business services ($8.81B), Travel ($6.21B), and Transportation ($4.78B) being the largest in terms of value.

Service trade data is presented based on availability.

Economic Complexity

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Competitive Landscape

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This visualization show the product space at the HS4 level colored from blue to red.  This mean that the more blue a dot/product is, the more Germany has comparative advantage over France. Similarly, the more red a dot/product is, the more France has comparative advantage over Germany.