Flag Germany / China Flag

Exports Flag → Flag  (2018): $109B, Rnk 3 / 216

Top Product Flag → Flag (2018): $17.1B, Cars

Exports Flag → Flag (2018): $96.9B, Rnk 5 / 206

Top Product Flag → Flag (2018): $9.13B, Computers

Economic Complexity of Flag (2018): ECI 1.9, Rnk 4 / 137

Economic Complexity of Flag (2018): ECI 0.89, Rnk 30 / 137

GDP Flag (2018): $3.95T, CURRENT US$
Rnk 4 / 196

GDP GROWTH Flag (2008-2018): 5.83%, CURRENT US$
Rnk 153 / 196

GDP Flag (2018): $13.6T, CURRENT US$
Rnk 2 / 196

GDP GROWTH Flag (2008-2018): 196%, CURRENT US$
Rnk 6 / 196

GDP PC Flag (2018): $47,603, CURRENT US$
Rnk 18 / 196

GDP PC GROWTH Flag (2008-2018): 4.79%, CURRENT US$
Rnk 131 / 196

GDP PC Flag (2018): $9,771, CURRENT US$
Rnk 78 / 196

GDP PC GROWTH Flag (2008-2018): 182%, CURRENT US$
Rnk 3 / 196

Germany-China: In 2018, Germany exported $109B to China. The main products exported from Germany to China were Cars ($17.1B), Vehicle Parts ($10.6B), and Planes, Helicopters, and/or Spacecraft ($3.96B). During the last 23 years the exports of Germany to China have increased at an annualized rate of 12.9%, from $6.78B in 1995 to $109B in 2018. In 2017, Germany exported services to China worth $12.2B, with Other business services ($4.43B), Royalties and license fees ($3.58B), and Transportation ($2.97B) being the largest in terms of value.

China-Germany: In 2018, China exported $96.9B to Germany. The main products exported from China to Germany were Computers ($9.13B), Broadcasting Equipment ($6.8B), and Office Machine Parts ($4.34B). During the last 23 years the exports of China to Germany have increased at an annualized rate of 10.1%, from $10.5B in 1995 to $96.9B in 2018.

Comparison: In 2018, Germany ranked 4 in the Economic Complexity Index (ECI 1.9), and 2 in total exports ($1.5T). That same year, China ranked 30 in the Economic Complexity Index (ECI 0.89), and 1 in total exports ($2.59T). In terms of GDP Per Capita, Germany was ranked 18 with a GDP Per Capita of $47,603, and China was ranked 78 with a GDP Per Capita of $9,771.

Bilateral Trade by Products

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Depth
Value

In 2018, Germany exported $109B to China. The main products exported from Germany to China were Cars ($17.1B), Vehicle Parts ($10.6B), and Planes, Helicopters, and/or Spacecraft ($3.96B). During the last 23 years the exports of Germany to China have increased at an annualized rate of 12.9%, from $6.78B in 1995 to $109B in 2018.

In 2018, China exported $96.9B to Germany. The main products exported from China to Germany were Computers ($9.13B), Broadcasting Equipment ($6.8B), and Office Machine Parts ($4.34B). During the last 23 years the exports of China to Germany have increased at an annualized rate of 10.1%, from $10.5B in 1995 to $96.9B in 2018.

Market Competitiveness

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Measure

Germany
Top Destination
: United States, $132B

China
Top Destination
: United States, $499B

This map shows whether countries import more from Germany or China. Each country is colored based on the difference in imports they receive from Germany and China or the difference in the growth in imports.

In 2018, countries that imported more from Germany than China were France ($121B), Austria ($70.4B), and Switzerland ($62.2B).

In 2018, countries that imported more from China than Germany were United States ($499B), Hong Kong ($282B), and Japan ($155B).

Comparative Advantage Germany - China

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Depth

This chart compares trade between Germany and China by product, considering products traded by both, Germany and China.

During 2018, Germany had a large net trade with China in the exports of Machines ($41.3B), Transportation ($33.5B), and Instruments ($9.74B).

During 2018, China had a large net trade with Germany in the exports of Machines ($48.7B), Textiles ($9.75B), and Miscellaneous ($7.47B).

Tariff Section

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This sections shows import tariffs for products traded between Germany and China (using the HS6 product classification and the last year reported).

In 2017, the products from Germany that paid the highest import tariffs to enter China were Sugar beet (178%) and Whey (173%).

In 2018, the products from China that paid the highest import tariffs to enter Germany were Vermouth and other flavoured grape wines - pack < 2l (65%) and Vermouth and other flavoured grape wines - pack > 2l (65%).

Explore Tariff Data

*The tariffs present between Germany and China are:
122: EU preferential tariff for sugar producing countries
136: Most Favoured Nation duty rate treatement

Trade Forecasts

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This section shows a forecast for total trade between Germany and China. The forecast is based on a long short-term memory model or LSTM constructed using yearly trade data.

To create custom forecast, or modify the parameters of the forecasting model, visit our Forecast Section.

Explore Forecasts

Bilateral Service Trade

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In 2017, Germany exported services to China worth $12.2B, with Other business services ($4.43B), Royalties and license fees ($3.58B), and Transportation ($2.97B) being the largest in terms of value.

Service trade data is presented based on availability.

Economic Complexity

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Competitive Landscape

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This visualization show the product space at the HS4 level colored from blue to red.  This mean that the more blue a dot/product is, the more Germany has comparative advantage over China. Similarly, the more red a dot/product is, the more China has comparative advantage over Germany.