2022
Flag  
GDP
$18TCURRENT US$
Rnk 2 / 186
2012-2022
Flag
GDP GROWTH
111%CURRENT US$
Rnk 11 / 186
2022
Flag
 GDP
$377BCURRENT US$
Rnk 41 / 186
2012-2022
Flag
GDP GROWTH
67.8%CURRENT US$
Rnk 31 / 186
2022
Flag
GDP PC 
$12,720CURRENT US$
Rnk 67 / 186
2012-2022
Flag
GDP PC GROWTH
102%CURRENT US$
Rnk 8 / 186
2022
Flag
GDP PC
$1,597CURRENT US$
Rnk 155 / 186
2012-2022
Flag
GDP PC GROWTH
43.9%CURRENT US$
Rnk 43 / 186

About

China-Pakistan Trade: In 2022, China exported $17.7B to Pakistan. The main products that China exported to Pakistan were Refined Petroleum ($2.06B), Broadcasting Equipment ($859M), and Semiconductor Devices ($780M). Over the past 5 years the exports of China to Pakistan have increased at an annualized rate of 95.6%, from $616M in 2017 to $17.7B in 2022.

In 2022, China did not export any services to Pakistan.

Pakistan-China Trade: In 2022, Pakistan exported $1.68B to China. The main products that Pakistan exported to China were Refined Copper ($675M), Non-Retail Pure Cotton Yarn ($419M), and Rice ($385M). Over the past 5 years the exports of Pakistan to China have increased at an annualized rate of 51%,  from $214M in 2017 to $1.68B in 2022.

In 2022, Pakistan did not export any services to China.

Comparison: In 2022,  China ranked 22 in the Economic Complexity Index (ECI 1.12), and 1 in total exports ($3.73T). That same year, Pakistan ranked 84 in the Economic Complexity Index (ECI -0.45), and 66 in total exports ($38.6B).

Historical Data

Bilateral Trade by Products

Depth
Value

In 2022, China exported $17.7B to Pakistan. The main products exported from China to Pakistan were Refined Petroleum ($2.06B), Broadcasting Equipment ($859M), and Semiconductor Devices ($780M). During the last 5 years the exports of China to Pakistan have increased at an annualized rate of 95.6%, from $616M in 2017 to $17.7B in 2022.

In 2017, Pakistan exported $1.68B to China. The main products exported from Pakistan to China were Refined Copper ($675M), Non-Retail Pure Cotton Yarn ($419M), and Rice ($385M). During the last 22 years the exports of Pakistan to China have increased at an annualized rate of 51%, from $214M in 1995 to $1.68B in 2017.

Exports from China (Flag) to Pakistan (Flag) (2022)

Exports from Pakistan (Flag) to China (Flag) (2022)

Market Competitiveness

Color
China
Top Destination
United States$551B
Pakistan
Top Destination
United States$6.47B

This map shows whether countries import more from China or Pakistan. Each country is colored based on the difference in imports they receive from China and Pakistan or the difference in the growth in imports.

In 2022, countries that imported more from China than Pakistan included United States ($551B), Hong Kong ($276B), and Japan ($178B).

In 2022, countries that imported more from Pakistan than China included Afghanistan ($975M), Guam ($415k), and Anguilla ($1.42k).

Difference in imports from Pakistan (Flag) and China (Flag) (2022)

Comparative Advantage China - Pakistan

Flow
Scale

This chart compares trade between China and Pakistan by product, considering products traded by both, China and Pakistan.

During 2022, China had a large net trade with Pakistan in the exports of Machines ($6.15B), Textiles ($3.2B), and Chemical Products ($2.65B).

During 2017, Pakistan had a large net trade with China in the exports of Metals ($932M), Textiles ($590M), and Vegetable Products ($560M).

Potential Exports

Potential Exports

Depth
View
Sort By
Top Product Potential China Pakistan+$831MRefined Petroleum
Top Product Potential Pakistan China+$482MRefined Copper

We estimate the export potential of an economy for each product and destination using an extension of the bilateral relatedness model of Jun et al. (2019).This extended gravity model considers similarities among products and geographies and explains more than 50% of the variance in future trade flows.

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Economic Complexity

Competitive Landscape

This visualization shows the product space at the HS4 level with the flags of China and Pakistan. This means that a dot/product with the flag of China indicates it has a comparative advantage over Pakistan. Similarly, a dot/product with the flag of Pakistan indicates it has a comparative advantage over China.

Product Space of China (Flag) and Pakistan (Flag) (2022)

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