Flag Afghanistan / Pakistan Flag

2021
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Exports
: $595M, Rnk 1 / 121

2021
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Top Product
: $156M, Raw Cotton

2021
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Exports
: $833M, Rnk 9 / 202

2021
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Top Product
: $121M, Rice

2021
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Economic Complexity (ECI)
: ECI -1.2, Rnk 116 / 131

2021
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Economic Complexity (ECI)
: ECI -0.55, Rnk 87 / 131

2021
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 GDP
: $346B, CURRENT US$
Rnk 40 / 182

2011-2021
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GDP GROWTH
: 62.2%, CURRENT US$
Rnk 37 / 182

2021
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GDP PC
: $1,538, CURRENT US$
Rnk 150 / 182

2011-2021
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GDP PC GROWTH
: 32%, CURRENT US$
Rnk 54 / 182

Afghanistan-Pakistan In 2021, Afghanistan exported $595M to Pakistan. The main products that Afghanistan exported to Pakistan are Raw Cotton ($156M), Coal Briquettes ($94.4M), and Grapes ($62.1M). During the last 18 years the exports of Afghanistan to Pakistan have increased at an annualized rate of 18.1%, from $29.9M in 2003 to $595M in 2021.

In 2021, Afghanistan did not export any services to Pakistan.

Pakistan-Afghanistan In 2021, Pakistan exported $833M to Afghanistan. The main products that Pakistan exported to Afghanistan were Rice ($121M), Other Vegetable Oils ($75M), and Cement ($70.9M). During the last 18 years the exports of Pakistan to Afghanistan have increased at an annualized rate of 4.04%, from $408M in 2003 to $833M in 2021.

In 2021, Pakistan did not export any services to Afghanistan.

Comparison In 2021,  Afghanistan ranked 116 in the Economic Complexity Index (ECI -1.2), and 148 in total exports ($1.88B). That same year, Pakistan ranked 87 in the Economic Complexity Index (ECI -0.55), and 66 in total exports ($32.7B).

Historical Data

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Bilateral Trade by Products

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Depth
Value

In 2021, Afghanistan exported $595M to Pakistan. The main products exported from Afghanistan to Pakistan were Raw Cotton ($156M), Coal Briquettes ($94.4M), and Grapes ($62.1M). During the last 18 years the exports of Afghanistan to Pakistan have increased at an annualized rate of 18.1%, from $29.9M in 2003 to $595M in 2021.

In 2021, Pakistan exported $833M to Afghanistan. The main products exported from Pakistan to Afghanistan were Rice ($121M), Other Vegetable Oils ($75M), and Cement ($70.9M). During the last 18 years the exports of Pakistan to Afghanistan have increased at an annualized rate of 4.04%, from $408M in 2003 to $833M in 2021.

Pakistan Exports

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Market Competitiveness

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Color

Afghanistan
Top Destination
: Pakistan, $595M

Pakistan
Top Destination
: United States, $5.51B

This map shows whether countries import more from Afghanistan or Pakistan. Each country is colored based on the difference in imports they receive from Afghanistan and Pakistan or the difference in the growth in imports.

In 2021, countries that imported more from Afghanistan than Pakistan were India ($543M).

In 2021, countries that imported more from Pakistan than Afghanistan were United States ($5.51B), China ($3.25B), and Germany ($2.53B).

Comparative Advantage Afghanistan - Pakistan

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Flow
Scale

This chart compares trade between Afghanistan and Pakistan by product, considering products traded by both, Afghanistan and Pakistan.

During 2021, Afghanistan had a large net trade with Pakistan in the exports of Vegetable Products ($253M), Textiles ($159M), and Mineral Products ($145M).

During 2021, Pakistan had a large net trade with Afghanistan in the exports of Vegetable Products ($262M), Chemical Products ($127M), and Foodstuffs ($92.5M).

Economic Complexity

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Competitive Landscape

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This visualization show the product space at the HS4 level colored from blue to yellow.  This mean that the more blue a dot/product is, the more Afghanistan has comparative advantage over Pakistan. Similarly, the more yellow a dot/product is, the more Pakistan has comparative advantage over Afghanistan.