Flag Afghanistan / Pakistan Flag

2019
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Exports
: $544M, Rnk 2 / 105

2019
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Top Product
: $80.6M, Grapes

2019
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Exports
: $1.18B, Rnk 5 / 194

2019
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Top Product
: $129M, Raw Sugar

2019
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Economic Complexity (ECI)
: ECI -1.04, Rnk 133 / 157

2019
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Economic Complexity (ECI)
: ECI -0.56, Rnk 106 / 157

2019
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GDP
: $19.3B, CURRENT US$
Rnk 113 / 187

2009-2019
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GDP GROWTH
: 55.1%, CURRENT US$
Rnk 85 / 187

2019
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 GDP
: $278B, CURRENT US$
Rnk 42 / 187

2009-2019
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GDP GROWTH
: 65.5%, CURRENT US$
Rnk 69 / 187

2019
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GDP PC 
: $507, CURRENT US$
Rnk 182 / 187

2009-2019
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GDP PC GROWTH
: 15.8%, CURRENT US$
Rnk 126 / 187

2019
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GDP PC 
: $1,285, CURRENT US$
Rnk 159 / 187

2009-2019
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GDP PC GROWTH
: 34.1%, CURRENT US$
Rnk 84 / 187

Afghanistan-Pakistan: In 2019, Afghanistan exported $544M to Pakistan. The main products that Afghanistan exported to Pakistan are Grapes ($80.6M), Coal Briquettes ($78.1M), and Dried Legumes ($74.6M). During the last 16 years the exports of Afghanistan to Pakistan have increased at an annualized rate of 19.9%, from $29.8M in 2003 to $544M in 2019.

In 2019, Afghanistan did not exported services to Pakistan.

Pakistan-Afghanistan: In 2019, Pakistan exported $1.18B to Afghanistan . The main products that Pakistan exported to Afghanistan were Raw Sugar ($129M), Wheat Flours ($110M), and Cement ($88.4M). During the last 16 years the exports of Pakistan to Afghanistan have increased at an annualized rate of 6.86%, from $408M in 2003 to $1.18B in 2019.

In 2019, Pakistan did not exported services to Afghanistan.

Comparison: In 2019,  Afghanistan ranked 133 in the Economic Complexity Index (ECI -1.04), and 138 in total exports ($2.24B). That same year, Pakistan ranked 106 in the Economic Complexity Index (ECI -0.56), and 67 in total exports ($26.6B).

Bilateral Trade by Products

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Depth
Value

In 2019, Afghanistan exported $544M to Pakistan. The main products exported from Afghanistan to Pakistan were Grapes ($80.6M), Coal Briquettes ($78.1M), and Dried Legumes ($74.6M). During the last 16 years the exports of Afghanistan to Pakistan have increased at an annualized rate of 19.9%, from $29.8M in 2003 to $544M in 2019.

In 2019, Pakistan exported $1.18B to Afghanistan. The main products exported from Pakistan to Afghanistan were Raw Sugar ($129M), Wheat Flours ($110M), and Cement ($88.4M). During the last 16 years the exports of Pakistan to Afghanistan have increased at an annualized rate of 6.86%, from $408M in 2003 to $1.18B in 2019.

Market Competitiveness

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Measure

Afghanistan
Top Destination
: United Arab Emirates, $1B

Pakistan
Top Destination
: United States, $3.82B

This map shows whether countries import more from Afghanistan or Pakistan. Each country is colored based on the difference in imports they receive from Afghanistan and Pakistan or the difference in the growth in imports.

In 2019, countries that imported more from Afghanistan than Pakistan were India ($485M).

In 2019, countries that imported more from Pakistan than Afghanistan were United States ($3.82B), China ($2.06B), and Germany ($1.78B).

Comparative Advantage Afghanistan - Pakistan

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Depth

This chart compares trade between Afghanistan and Pakistan by product, considering products traded by both, Afghanistan and Pakistan.

During 2019, Afghanistan had a large net trade with Pakistan in the exports of Vegetable Products ($324M), Mineral Products ($125M), and Textiles ($57.9M).

During 2019, Pakistan had a large net trade with Afghanistan in the exports of Vegetable Products ($398M), Foodstuffs ($231M), and Mineral Products ($155M).

Tariff Section

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This section shows import tariffs for products traded between Afghanistan and Pakistan (using the HS6 product classification and the last year reported).

In 2018, the products from Afghanistan that paid the highest import tariffs to enter Pakistan were Tricycles, scooters, pedal cars and similar wheeled toys: dolls' carriages: dolls: other toys: reduced-size (scale) models and similar recreational models, working or not: puzzles of all kinds (50%) and Grapes, fresh (40%).

In 2018, the products from Pakistan that paid the highest import tariffs to enter Afghanistan were Large Sized Cars (100%) and Large Diesel Engine Cars (100%).

Explore Tariff Data

*The tariffs present between Afghanistan and Pakistan are:
136: Most Favoured Nation duty rate treatement
366: South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) Preferential Trading Arragement (SAPTA)

Economic Complexity

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Competitive Landscape

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This visualization show the product space at the HS4 level colored from blue to red.  This mean that the more blue a dot/product is, the more Afghanistan has comparative advantage over Pakistan. Similarly, the more red a dot/product is, the more Pakistan has comparative advantage over Afghanistan.